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Basic Steps in the Research Process

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❶Define the Problem 2.

The Guidelines

What Is Research?
This article is a part of the guide:
Rate Yourself As a Researcher

The researcher now analyzes the data according to the plan. The results of this analysis are then reviewed and summarized in a manner directly related to the research questions.

In the obesity study, the researcher compares the measurements of weight, percentage of body fat, and cholesterol that were taken at the first meeting of the subjects to the measurements of the same variables at the final program session.

These two sets of data will be analyzed to determine if there was a difference between the first measurement and the second measurement for each individual in the program. Then, the data will be analyzed to determine if the differences are statistically significant.

If the differences are statistically significant, the study validates the theory that was the focus of the study. The results of the study also provide valuable information about one strategy to combat childhood obesity in the community. As you have probably concluded, conducting studies using the eight steps of the scientific research process requires you to dedicate time and effort to the planning process. You cannot conduct a study using the scientific research process when time is limited or the study is done at the last minute.

Researchers who do this conduct studies that result in either false conclusions or conclusions that are not of any value to the organization. Get the latest news, special offers, and updates on authors and products. We use cookies so we can provide you with the best online experience. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Please Sign In or Create an Account.

Social Studies in Sport and Physical Activity. Athletic Training, Therapy, and Rehabilitation. Identify the Problem The first step in the process is to identify a problem or develop a research question.

This Item is currently out of stock. Health Care in Exercise and Sport. Health Care for Special Conditions. Physical Activity and Health. Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Research Methods, Measurement, and Evaluation. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. Sport Management and Sport Business.

Strength Training and Conditioning. Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology. International Journal of Golf Science. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.

Journal of Applied Biomechanics. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. Journal of Motor Learning and Development. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal. Sociology of Sport Journal. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. Physical Education and Coaching. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. International Sport Coaching Journal.

Combine elements from the models above to create one of your own that best describes the process you go through. Feel free to include feelings you think you might experience at each stage, as Kuhlthau's model does.

Remember, you can do this with a computer or you can draw it by hand. The goal is to create what you think is an accurate model of your own research process, including what happens at each step. I will post all the research process diagrams after the assignment is due. Find one you especially like other than your own and write several sentences about why you like it. Post your response to the "Research Process Discussion Thread. When you're finished with your research process model, submit it and take the quiz for this unit.

Last Updated January 9, Overview This unit explores the concept of research. Listen to what these Northwestern University students have to say about research: Rate Yourself As a Researcher Note: Create a Google Form for this. Students submit to the form. Place the form in iLearn. Think about the skills you have to complete research.

Rate yourself using the following scale: I use a variety of strategies and resources to explore a topic and define my research question. I develop a main research question and several subordinate questions to guide my research. I develop keyword and key phrase lists to help me in my search. I develop a research plan i. I know which questions can be best answered by what kinds of resources. I know the difference between primary and secondary sources.

I use the library catalog to locate books in the college and public libraries. I know how to narrow or broaden my search using the library catalog. I know how to narrow or broaden my search using a search engine.

I know how to narrow or broaden my search using the college's online databases. I know the difference between subject and keyword searching and know when to use these when searching the college's online databases.

When I use a web page for research, I first evaluate it for authority, bias, accuracy and currency. I use online databases from the college to conduct research.

I skim and scan text for answers to my questions and paraphrase key points in the text effectively. Purpose of Research - Why do we conduct research? Why is it necessary? The steps of the scientific process has a structure similar to an hourglass - The structure starts with general questions, narrowing down to focus on one specific aspect , then designing research where we can observe and analyze this aspect.

At last, the hourglass widens and the researcher concludes and generalizes the findings to the real world. Research in all disciplines and subjects, not just science, must begin with a clearly defined goal.

This usually, but not always, takes the form of a hypothesis. For example, an anthropological study may not have a specific hypothesis or principle, but does have a specific goal, in studying the culture of a certain people and trying to understand and interpret their behavior.

The whole study is designed around this clearly defined goal, and it should address a unique issue, building upon previous research and scientifically accepted fundamentals.

Whilst nothing in science can be regarded as truth, basic assumptions are made at all stages of the research, building upon widely accepted knowledge. Research does require some interpretation and extrapolation of results.

In scientific research, there is always some kind of connection between data information gathered and why the scientist think that the data looks as it does. Often the researcher looks at the data gathered, and then comes to a conclusion of why the data looks like it does. A history paper, for example, which just reorganizes facts and makes no commentary on the results, is not research but a review. If you think of it this way, somebody writing a school textbook is not performing research and is offering no new insights.

They are merely documenting pre-existing data into a new format. If the same writer interjects their personal opinion and tries to prove or disprove a hypothesis , then they are moving into the area of genuine research. Science tends to use experimentation to study and interpret a specific hypothesis or question, allowing a gradual accumulation of knowledge that slowly becomes a basic assumption.

For any study, there must be a clear procedure so that the experiment can be replicated and the results verified. Again, there is a bit of a grey area for observation-based research , as is found in anthropology, behavioral biology and social science, but they still fit most of the other criteria.

Planning and designing the experimental method , is an important part of the project and should revolve around answering specific predictions and questions. This will allow an exact duplication and verification by independent researchers, ensuring that the results are accepted as real. Most scientific research looks at an area and breaks it down into easily tested pieces.


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Research is cyclical, with the results generated leading to new areas or a refinement of the original process. 4) Conclusion The term, research, is much stricter in science than in everyday life.

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Overview: This unit explores the concept of research. You will define the term “research” for yourself. Next, you’ll examine several models of the research process and borrow from these models to create one that describes your own research process.

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Research process 1. Presented by: Aditi Garg 2. The process of gathering informationfor the purpose ofinitiating, modifying or terminating aparticular investment or group ofinvestments. Step One: Define Research ProblemThere are two types of research problem, viz., those relate to states of nature relationship between frogvorskdwq.gaially. THE RESEARCH PROCESS What is Research? A good working definition of academic research and writing can be given as follows: investigation and writing based upon the idea of scientific inquiry.

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