An individual or group of individuals may take and maintain power by the use of coercive force. From history we can see that this is the usual way by which power is gained, and maintained.
However, it has long been understood that people might come together and explicitly agree to put someone in power. The best of the thinkers saw a process, -- call it democracy -- by which groups might bloodlessly choose a leader.
That each of the governed should have a say, or least an opportunity to have a say, is a high flying ideal; but any system by which the peace is kept is an admirable system and democracy, such as it has evolved, has proven, in many cases, to be just such a system.
A precise definition of democracy might be had by consulting the OED. Democracy is government by the people; a form of government in which the sovereign power resides in the people as a whole, and is exercised either directly by them as in the small republics of antiquity or by officers elected by them. In modern use it vaguely denotes a social state in which all have equal rights, without hereditary or arbitrary differences of rank or privilege. Walter Bagehot gave it a more uncelestial definition: It is from the suffix, "-ocracy" by which we might determine the operative meaning of the larger word, "democracy"; it is the indicator of the dominant, superior, or aspiring class who would rule; it is derived from the Greek word kratos , meaning strength or power.
Any word might be added to this suffix, which will then indicate the type of rule, such as: Democracy is the rule by, or the dominion of, the people; it comes from the Greek word, demos. It is often referred to as popular government.
Democracy, historically speaking, is to be compared with monarchy, rule of one; or with aristocracy, rule of the "best-born," or rule of the nobles.
Whatever its origins and we will consider its origins democracy has come to mean a principle or system to which most all political parties of the western world, no matter their political beliefs, would subscribe.
It goes beyond the periodic act of voting; it is characterized by participation in government, viz. In his capacity as a history writer, Aristotle , in his work, The Athenian Constitution BC , writes that the Athenians practiced democracy only to the extent of putting and keeping in power members of a very exclusive group, a group which formed but a minority in the universal group we stylize as society.
The Athenian constitution was oligarchical, in every respect. The poorer classes were the serfs of the rich. They cultivated the lands of the rich and paid rent.
The whole country was in the hands of nine magistrates, called archons , who were elected according to qualifications of birth and wealth. These ruling magistrates held their positions for life, except for that latter period when they served for a term of ten years. In time, this Greek notion of democracy was set aside in favour of the draw.
Grecian democracy, however, such as it was, was soon covered over with the murk of the middle ages. Democracy's re-flowering in the world, in respect to the rights of the people, first appeared in England with the Glorious Revolution of A study of an era known as The Enlightenment, is the study of the beginnings of of modern democracy 5. The enlightenment was fully established and growing vigorously by the eighteenth century.
As the shackles of oppression, so firmly clamped on during the middle ages, became loose, men sought to apply reason to religion, politics, morality, and social life. With the coming of the enlightenment men began to express their minds; no longer were most all men cowed by the great mystery of the universe, and, their minds, through ignorance, ruled by fears: The Enlightenment was a time when human beings pulled themselves out of the medieval pits of mysticism.
It was a spontaneous and defused movement which fed on itself and led to the great scientific discoveries from which we all benefit today. Beliefs in natural law and universal order sprung up, which not only promoted scientific findings and advancements of a material nature; but, which, also drove the great political thinkers of the time, such as: The people, of all things, were refusing to pay taxes and they were becoming belligerent.
Edward was getting advise to the effect that it might be better to sit down with the people, or rather their representatives, than to let loose the royal troops.
Letting the troops loose would be an act which would destroy the country's riches, a share of which the king wanted for himself. Thus, we would have seen the royal messenger riding out from the king's castle to deliver this royal writ to the sheriff of Northhampton. This royal writ of Edward's had the Latin words, elegi facis , meaning that the persons who were to sit on the people's Council the beginnings of parliament were to be elected headmen such as the burgesses and knights, and they were to have "full and sufficient power for themselves and the communities" which they represent; they were to come to Council -- ready, to conduct and to conclude the important business of the land.
Now, one of the most fundamental questions of politics - whether of , or of modern day - is this: Should the representative, sent to the legislature -- assuming, in the first place, that he or she has canvassed the subject to be voted upon and all the far flung consequences of it -- vote the way the majority of his constituents would have him vote; or, should he vote on the basis of what he thinks is right, no matter that it may run against the majority of what his constituents would like.
Edmund Burke , a most brilliant political thinker, thought that the representative should vote his conscience. It should be remembered, too, that any decision made and action taken in an assembly of "our" representatives can be done on the barest majority of a group; which might have been elected on the barest majority of a popular vote; which majority of a popular vote, might well, and usually does, represent a minority of the population.
How can it ever be stated that any particular government measure will accord with the wishes of the majority? Such people in these earlier centuries existed in predominate numbers. Sadly, yet today, even as the 21st century dawns, it is rare, even in the western democracies, to find many people who are independently working through for themselves and taking fixed positions on important political concepts such as democracy, freedom and government.
For democracy to work there must, as a prerequisite, be a people educated and be a people ready to inform themselves of the great issues which face them. Unfortunately, a politically educated public, this important ingredient to the proper working of democracy, is missing. First off, it must be recognized, that the country is not run, at least not in between elections, with the executive checking with the people by way of referenda as the Swiss do. However, the people who possess government power and who would like to keep it, are bound to proceed on the basis of popular opinion; the difficulty is that public opinion arises as a result of an agenda which is set by minority groups to which vote chasing politicians cow, a process which is generally aided and abetted by an ignorant press.
Like a fish to water, democracy can only exists in a total atmosphere of freedom of action; it is completely incompatible with a system that provides for a governing authority with coercive power. If one accepts anarchists, for example, do not that a government, to some extent or other, is necessary for a civilized society, then it is to be recognized that the business of governing as apart from the business of electing representatives cannot be conducted in democratic matter.
Why has it become the cornerstone of modern civilization? Democracy can be understood as a process of people governing their state and managing community affairs based on consensus Howards Though democracy is often defined as a form of government, to my mind, it is more reasonable to contemplate it as a process, a constant opportunity by which citizens may bring changes into their social and political life.
The origins of democracy lie in Ancient Greece. This term was constructed from two Greek words: Greek democracy was direct—not only in the sense that citizens could vote for decisions personally, but also in the sense that they could control the political process and the authorities. It must be pointed out that back then, not everyone could take part in voting—this privilege was only available to male citizens.
Slaves—and ancient Greece was a slavery state—and women could not affect social and political life George This led to a representative democracy—the model which is used all over the world today. It may be constitutional, parliamentary, or presidential—the main feature is that people affect political life through the representatives they have chosen through elections Howards Modern democracy implies many privileges that ancient Greeks did not know of.
For example, people now can vote regardless of their gender, skin color, social status, or financial position. Democracy is considered to be the optimal way to run the state, however many critics talk about democratic tyranny and even the injustice of this form of government Howards The second candidate wins the election, but what about those people whose interests are subjected to the will of the majority?
Success lies in the ability to stand firm as a rock under all circumstances. Develop the sense of competition. For instance, consider the student in your class who stands first in class and who get higher grades than you.
Has he two brain or four eyes? No, the only reason is that he is more interested in study than you are interested in study. You can get higher marks than him if you think how to make it possible. It means possibility of anything depend on your thinking.
If you think that you can do it, you can surely do it. Have confidence in yourself and work hard. Nothing can divert you from your purpose.
Have one successful person as your ideal personality and think how did he become successful? Follow his the way which made him successful. Meet successful people and talk to them how they succeeded. They give you inspiration. It enhances your interest in your study. You should have the desire to learn.
Desire to learn enables you to sacrifice for study and manage time for study. It enables you to study anywhere, any time. It creates a sense of responsibility in you about study, a sign of success. It puts you in sense of competition to learn more and more. It make you generate new ideas and techniques for study, how to study effectively, how to concentrate, how to manage time for study. In short, it makes study your habit. With such study you can just pass the exam with low grades or sometime you even fail.
Aim of study is to get distinction in exam with high grades, which is only possible if you have the love or thirst to learn. And thanks for this as this is full of advices. The Blog is titled as for BA students but some Ph. Ds have also taken my essays as references in their research papers. Allah may bless you with more wisdom… Thank you so much for writing such a beautiful essay. All of your essays are great. They really helped me in my exams. Thank you again dear. May God give you alot of happiness and success in your life.
May God give you more wisdom,knowledge and time so you could write more brilliant essays for us. Thank you so much for such an amazing essay,because of it I got 1 prize in ASL essay competition Once again thnks.. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Main menu Skip to content.
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- Democracy is a unique type of government, and the purpose of this essay is to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses that a democratic government provides. I will detail that many components of this type of society are both strengths and weakness as each component has beneficial aspects as well as unavoidable pitfalls.
Democracy is a tender topic for a writer: like motherhood and apple pie it is not to be criticized. One will risk being roundly condemned if he, or she, points out the serious bottleneck that is presented when a community attempts, through the democratic process, to set plans for positive social action.
Democracy essays Democracy is almost everywhere in the world. Europe has used its form of government for almost half a century. North and South America are now virtually a hemisphere of democracy; Africa is experiencing democratic reform; and new, democracies have taken root in Asia. Democ. What’s gone wrong with democracy: Democracy was the most successful political idea of the 20th century. Why has it run into trouble, and what can be done to revive it? Our previous "essay.
Struggling with essay writing on democracy? How about to browse this professionally written essay example on this topic and use it at your convenience. ( WORDS) INTRODUCTION THE WORD DEMOCRACY MERITS DEMERITS CONCLUSION “In a democracy the poor will have more power than the rich, because ther are more of them, and will of the majority is supreme” Aristotle Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, .