It all started in , with the signing of the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta was signed by King John when the people forced him to sign due to his harsh treatment to the community. The Magna Carta also guaranteed that no one would be above the law, not even the King or Queen. In , the first English colony was set up by King James I. Jamestown Now known as Virginia was organized as a joint-stock company, which provided money for the King.
Jamestown was managed by a governor and council appointed by the Virginia Company. However, in the colonists of Jamestown created the House of Burgesses. The House of Burgesses was the first representative legislature, the beginning of self-government in Colonial America.
Shortly after the House of Burgesses was formed in , a group of people known as the Pilgrims arrived in America.
They created a colony in Massachusetts called Plymouth. The Pilgrims needed a form of Government before, and after they landed in America. The Pilgrims created the Mayflower Compact. The Mayflower Compact was the first direct democracy of Colonial America. Nineteen years later, the Pilgrims were being persecuted for their religious beliefs. The exact same reason that they left England The Pilgrims decided to leave Plymouth in search of religious freedom once again. In , Parliament created the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights guaranteed the people to free elections to Parliament, the right to a fair trial, and the elimination of cruel and unusual punishments. They thought that God had created an orderly universe and that the laws of the universe could be found through human reason. The Thirteen Colonies were nowhere near Great Britain and could do anything that they wanted. It recommended that there should be a Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution of India.
The Constituent Assembly of India met under the temporary chairmanship of Sachidananda Sinha, as he was then the eldest member of the Assembly, and elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its permanent chairman.
The Constituent Assembly consisted of members who were elected by the members of the provincial legislatures and not by the people directly. Its members represented all the parties through most of the members were from the Congress. For this reason, the Muslim League put hurdles in its functioning and boycotted it from its very inception. Our Constitution provides for a democratic from of government. It means that all the citizens of our country have the right to decide matters relating to the governing of the state.
The Government is, in the real sense, of the people, for the people and by the people. All people above the age of 18 years have the right to elect their government. The people elect their representatives who from the government. It is through these representatives, who have the backing of the majority of the people; decisions are taken in political matters. This is called political democracy.
In a democracy, all people have certain rights and freedom. But political democracy only, i. There is need for social democracy too. In a democracy, all the citizens are to be treated equally. Each one is given equal opportunity, irrespective of his caste, creed, religion and sex.
Political democracy without social democracy has no meaning. Unless we provide equal justice and equal opportunities to all we shall not be able to enjoy the fruits of freedom. We must have political as well as social democracy. The fundamental rights are regarded as the soul of our Constitution. The Constitution guarantees equal rights and privileges to all the citizens. These fundamental rights are necessary because they did not only provide security and equality to all citizens, but also ensure the all-round development of the individual and thus the development of the nation.
The Constitution of India bestows six fundamental rights upon its citizens. They put a check on the absoluteness and the despotic nature of the government. These rights are justifiable and cannot be denied to any citizen.
The court ensures their observance by the State. They safeguard the citizens from the excess of the Executive and the Legislature. Our society has been divided over various issues from the very early ages. The caste system for long divided the society. People belonging to the lower caste were not given the same privileges and opportunities as those of the upper caste. Then the British created a class of zamindars and feudal lords who were very harsh on the common people. The titles conferred by the British made them distinct from the others.
Therefore, the right of equality given to us our Constitution is extremely important. It establishes equality before law. Ambedkar was appointed the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. The Assembly met for days spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 Days.
The Constitution was adopted on 26 November, It came into force on 26 January, The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which contains the basic ideals and principles of the Contitution. It lays down the objectives of the frames of the Constitution. The Constitution contains Articles and 12 Schedules.
A number of amendment passed have also become a part of this Constitution. At the same time, India has federal features. The powers of the government are divided between the centred government and the state governments. The Constitution demarcates the powers of the central and estate governments into different lists of subjects.
Short Essay on the Constitution of India – The Constitution of India is one of the finest legal documents ever drafted. Being one of the lengthiest in the world with Articles and 12 Schedules, its functional efficacy was doubted by many when it came into force on January 26,
- As stated in the first paper; The Constitution of the United States was designed to be a framework for the organization of our country’s government. Many foreign countries also have constitutions, which outline the rights of individuals and the powers of the law; such as the Iraqi Constitution of
Constitution Essay Our constitution is the basis of what this country is about. This country stands for freedom and starting a life where you truly have the free will to do as you please. The Constitution of the United States was written as a set of rules for this country. Many of the "rules" have helped the country stay in order, but a great many have been abused and taken out of context.
The Constitution demarcates the powers of the central and estate governments into different lists of subjects. These lists ire called the Union List, the State List and the Concurent List. The constitution provides for an independent and impartial lUdiciaiy and the Supreme Court is . The constitution defines our national goals of democracy, socialism and secularism, guarantees equality, liberty, justice, etc., to the citizens. It confers on us our fundamental rights and duties and also contains the directive principles for the government.