Citing a citation, also known as citing an indirect source, is when a writer cites information that is quoted from a different source. Although all of the major citation systems encourage writers to track down the original source of the information and to use it as the source in the new paper, the citation systems recognize that this is sometimes impossible.
In that case, it is okay to cite indirect sources as long as proper credit is given to both the original source and the intermediary source in which the the quotation was found. Determine the citation system in use in the paper. Although they use similar formats for dealing with indirect citations, MLA, APA, and Chicago styles all differ in their approach to the way to format this kind of reference.
Find the full citation for the original work that this citation is coming from. It should be available in the Bibliography or Works Cited page of the quoting document. Include the appropriate addition to the in-text citation to show that you are citing an indirect source. This differs based on the citation system. Although MLA discourages indirect sources, if used, the parenthetical citation should use "qtd. For APA format, add "as cited in" before the typical in-text citation of author, year, and page number.
The Chicago system of citation calls for the original source of the quotation to be cited when the citation is used. Add a citation for both the work that the citation is coming from and the source of the original text in both APA and MLA formats. It is an academic style guide extensively used in the United States, Canada, and other countries. It mostly provides guidelines for writing and documentation of research in humanities and English literature.
There are four key components that come with setting up your research paper within proper MLA rules:. Set the line spacing from single to double-spaced. This makes reading the text less crammed on the eye and allows the professor to make necessary comments in a neat and organized manner.
Create a header that has your last name as well as the automatic page number. This is done to keep track of the page order, and it also looks pleasant on the eye! Lastly, enter the required course information on the top-left corner of the front page. It should look like this:. The most obvious time to use an in-text citation is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author. If the author's name is included as a feature of your sentence, then you only have to include the page number in the bracket.
Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. In-text citations are most times parenthetical, which means that information are always added to the end of the sentence in parentheses. But if you include that necessary information in the language of the sentence itself, you should not include the parenthetical citation.
For example, if the author's name is found within the in-text citation, then there is no need to add it at the end; simply add the page number, and your referencing is finished!
Having two sources from the same author of an in-text citation may confuse the reader. When they check the source of the citation, they will find two different articles.
To avoid this confusion, you must include a short title of the research citation, so the readers know which of the citations to look for. When a source has two or three authors, you should include all authors' last names. Whereas, when you have four or more authors then you have to write them all out following the last name of the first Author. MLA formatting is a very time-consuming task.
Citing a source within your research paper is crucial, in that it strengthens the credibility of your writing and lets you avoid being accused of plagiarizing. There are many ways to cite your source within a research paper; one of the most common is the MLA in-text parenthetical citation method.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. When citing sources in an MLA Style thesis or dissertation, you'll need to follow two different formats. In-text citations are references to sources that you make within the main text of your paper. "Works Cited" is a separate page at the end of your paper where you list every reference source you used in the paper.
Add a citation for both the work that the citation is coming from and the source of the original text in both APA and MLA formats. For the original source, add "Quoted in (author's name of the citing work)" to the end of the citation to show where the information came from. The citation information in the body of the paper itself is called the "in-text citation”. The most obvious time to use an in-text citation is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author.