It should briefly present the main ideas in the original text. The introduction should include the name of the author, the title of their work, and some background information about the author, if needed. Expand on them by including one or more examples from the original text. Include important information only and avoid describing minor, insignificant points.
After you have summarized the main ideas in the original text, your essay is finished. A conclusion paragraph should be added if your teacher specifically tells you to include one. Summary Essay Topics You can write a summary essay on a scientific work, an interesting article, a novel, or a research paper. For example, you might want to write a summary essay on: Keep in mind that your interpretation of the source can mislead your readers or even distort the meaning of the original text.
Your summary essay should serve as a substitute for the original source; by reading your summary essay, a reader should be able to develop an understanding of the original work. This type of essay is about summarizing the original text, not criticizing it.
Otherwise, it may look like plagiarism. Do write in present tense, even if the author of the original text has passed away a long time ago. Do understand the original source completely. If you have doubts about the meaning of certain terms, clarify them before you start to write. You may find a nice place to insert a new quotation, correct some mistakes, and make other improvements.
You can also give your essay to a friend or a colleague to read to see if they can grasp the main idea of the source after reading your summary essay.
Identify key vocabulary to use in the summary. Make sure all the major keywords that are used in the article make it into your summary. It's important that you fully examine the meanings of these more complicated terms so that your summary reader can grasp the content as you move forward with the summary.
Any words or terms that the author coins need to be included and discussed in your summary. Aim to keep it brief. Journal summaries don't need to be anywhere close to the length of the articles themselves. The purpose of the summary is to provide a condensed but separate description of the research, either for use for the primary research collector, or to help you redigest the information at a later date in the research process.
As a general rule of thumb, you can probably make one paragraph per main point, ending up with no more than words, for most academic articles. For most journal summaries, you'll be writing several short paragraphs that summarize each separate portion of the journal article.
Part 2 Quiz What aspect of the article should you always include in a summary? Steps in the logical process Absolutely! Theoretical background Not necessarily! Keep the tone as objective as possible. You're not critiquing the article, you're giving an overview of it. Start by defining the research question. Toward the beginning of the article, possibly in the introduction, the authors should discuss the focus of the research study and what the targeted objectives were for conducting the research.
This is where your summary should begin. Describe, in your own words, the main argument the authors hope to prove with their research. In scientific articles, usually there is an introduction which establishes the background for the experiment or study, and won't provide you with much to summarize. It will be followed by the development of a research question and testing procedures, though, which are key in dictating the content for the rest of the article. Discuss the methodology used by the authors.
This portion discusses the research tools and methods used during the study. The specifics of the testing procedures don't usually need to be included in your summary in their entirety; they should be reduced to a simple idea of how the research question was addressed.
The results of the study will usually be processed data, sometimes accompanied by raw, pre-process data. Only the processed data needs to be included in the summary.
One of the most important parts of the summary needs to be describing what the authors accomplished as a result of their work. What conclusions have the authors drawn from this research? What are the implications of this research, as described in the article? These are crucial parts of the article and cannot be left out. Connect the main ideas presented in the article. For some summaries, it's important to show how the relationships among the ideas presented by the authors develop over the course of the article.
The primary objective of the summary is to present a brief overview of the authors' essential points to the reader, making it important that you unpack those arguments and explain them in your own words. Fill in the blanks and assumptions, helping to clarify the research and summarize it briefly. This is sometimes more important in summaries dealing with articles in the humanities. For example, it might be helpful to unpack dense arguments about poet George Herbert's relationship to the divine with more pedestrian summaries: Don't draw your own conclusions.
A summary of an article shouldn't editorialize, or offer your own interpretations of the data, unless explicitly stated as part of the assignment. In general, the point of a summary is to summarize the authors' points, not to offer your own additions and editorials. This can be difficult for some inexperienced research writers to get the hang of at first, but remember to keep the "I" out of it. Refrain from using direct quotations of text from the journal article. Quotations are more often used when writing a college paper or essay, and are less important for a journal article summary.
Focus more on paraphrasing the ideas when writing a journal article summary without losing focus of their meaning and intended content. Always use the present tense when you are discussing the contents of a scholarly article.
Good writing happens in revision. Go back and compare the focus and content of what you have written to see that it matches and supports the context of the journal article. A journal article that has been properly summarized provides potential readers with a short review, which is important when they are browsing and searching for specific information about a particular topic.
Part 3 Quiz Why shouldn't you use quotations from the article? They defeat the purpose of the assignment. They provide weak support for your ideas. They take up too much space.
Sample Scientific Journal Article Summary. Sample Educational Journal Article Summary. A "refereed" journal article is the same as a peer-reviewed journal article. This just means that all of the content has been fact-checked by a panel of experts before being approved for publication.
All of the above steps apply. Not Helpful 0 Helpful When summarizing, should I be objective, or follow what the author says? It is preferable to be subjective during summarizing, as you need to draw conclusion from the information provided only by the author s of the article. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Step 6 says to take notes while I read.
Is it a good idea to take notes while scanning or should I just take notes after? Take notes while scanning to remember what interested you the most.
Afterwards, go back, if the article will be used, to understand those topics better so that if you had to explain it to someone, you could without a problem. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Read all articles and write separate summaries. Then summarize the similar summaries once again; hence you will get two to three similar drafts. Now finally write the main points of these narrowed down drafts in one article. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. Write it as though you were telling a friend about this article.
Remember the 5 Ws and H: Study your notes to write your review. Ask yourself what your main idea is after reading the article. Quote the article in order to support your conclusions. If you disagree with what the article has covered, share excerpts from the article and state why. Support your disagreement with a solid reason, such as personal experience or information from other published works such as a book.
Your conclusion must briefly touch on what you addressed in your summary and your overall opinion of the article. This part of your essay must show your reason for writing the review in the first place.
Share your opinion of if the author has successfully written the kind of article she sat out to write.
Sep 06, · How to Write a Summary of an Article 1. Find Main Idea. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article 2. Identify Important Arguments. Now you want to do a second reading. 3. Write Your Summary. Your summary should start with the author’s name and the title of the frogvorskdwq.gas:
Writing a summary and review essay of an article strengthens a reader's critical thinking skills. It allows the reader to fully understand what the article is about, and why this is important. An article may share new information, express the author's opinions on a popular topic or tell someone’s story. By writing a.
How to Summarize a Research Article include it in a paper you are writing, the summary should focus on how the articles relates specifically to your paper. Reading the Article If you are summarizing an article to include in a paper you are writing it . You can write a summary essay on a scientific work, an interesting article, a novel, or a research paper. This type of essay can be on any subject. For example, you might want to write a summary essay on.
May 12, · How to Write a Summary of an Article May 12, by April Klazema When you’re writing your own article, an essay, or even a school paper, you will probably be faced with writing a summary of an frogvorskdwq.ga: April Klazema. Jul 04, · How to Summarize a Journal Article Four Parts: Reading the Article Planning a Draft Writing Your Summary Sample Summaries Community Q&A Summarizing a journal article is the process of presenting a focused overview of a completed research study that is published in a peer-reviewed, scholarly source%().