The first stage of the cycle of violence starts off with tension, which usually causes stress. The abuser can become easily agitated. The abuser gradually becomes more abusive and more severe incidents of abuse start to occur in the household. The second stage of the cycle of violence is the physical violence and battery. The abuser loses control and becomes extremely violent to the victim. The third stage of the cycle of violence is when the violent outbursts stop. The abuser becomes apologetic and will usually ask for forgiveness, as well as assure the victim that it will never happen again.
This phase usually results in the victim forgiving the abuser, in which case the cycle usually begins again. The victim is often afraid to leave the abuser due to them feeling dependant on the abuser. There are many theories about the psychological causes of domestic violence, from alcohol abuse, drug abuse, stress, poor anger management, and an abusive childhood. However, social conditions can and do encourage violence against women. Abusers usually have the following personality characteristics, either they were abused as children, they feel insecure, have poor verbal communication, have low self esteem, need to dominate, have a lack of assertiveness, or they have dependency needs.
If there are no negative consequences such as jail time and filing charges, then the message is that violence is acceptable.
Abusers have learned to be abusive by watching others in the family and society. Abusers have also found that it is an effective way of establishing or regaining control in the household. Society must help to stop domestic violence. The government must ensure the safety and protection of assaulted women and their children. The community should support and help women who want to leave abusive relationships.
Money should be put into shelters and counseling to better help with the victims of domestic violence. However, the real problem lies with how society raises its children. Society should rethink its attitude towards women and teach children what is acceptable and what is not when it comes to behavior. If education is not of great importance to our society to prevent future domestic violence then it will only be a bigger problem as time passes.
These same people usually depend on their partner for emotional support since they are usually lacking in emotional skills. The man goes out and makes the money to support the family while the woman stays home to cook, clean, and look after the kids. These people usually have trouble accepting responsibility for their abusive behavior. The abuser usually feels guilt or shame for their actions but they try to deny it.
It has also been found that many abusers share the same personality disorders such as lack of empathy, as well as depression. They tend to lack social skills and they let their work habits absorb them. They tend to look at innocent situations as situations that are hostile. Those who abuse adult partners usually grow up in homes that had violence between adults, against children, or both. However, this does not guarantee that one who is raised in an abusive home will be an abuser themselves.
The sooner we can recognize these symptoms of domestic violence, the sooner we can prevent it from getting worse or even occurring at all. Some psychologists believe that teaching our children that violence is inappropriate and teaching them better methods of problem solving, is the first step in preventing domestic violence. A key component to teaching our children is to set a positive example and to educate our society as a whole.
Educating our society as a whole is a very important key to ending domestic violence. Educating our society as a whole is accomplished through changes in the way we practice things. Having stricter laws and regulations is important since most abusers are given a slap on the wrist, and it usually does not teach them a lesson at all.
All it does is give our society a message that domestic violence is not a major crime and that they can get away with it. When communities can establish policies to arrest abusers, a message is sent from the police to the society that domestic violence is a crime that will and should not be taken lightly. When they join with counseling programs for abusers, the message will also be that those who want to change will be given a chance to.
It has been agreed upon by those who try to put an end to domestic violence that not only the individual abusers need help. These people also feel that we as a society also need help. Domestic violence is still allowed, even encouraged, by certain groups in our society. The media and entertainment industry does not pay enough attention to the seriousness of domestic violence. There are still police officers that will ignore domestic violence when it arises.
Also there are judges that still give weak punishment or simply let the abusers off for domestic violence. These are all problems that hurt our society and make it more difficult to put an end to domestic violence. The message is simply not strong enough for it to make a difference. The message that domestic violence is a crime is not strong enough. What kind of message are we sending if abusers who have multiple offenses, are simply given light sentences and released back into their homes the next day, so that they continue the abuse.
The effects of domestic violence on our society are almost impossible to measure. Domestic violence tends to become more frequent and severe over time. Oftentimes the abuser is physically violent sporadically, but uses other controlling tactics on a daily basis.
All tactics have profound effects on the victim. Perpetrators of domestic violence can be found in all age, racial, ethnic, cultural, socio-economic, linguistic, educational, occupational and religious groups.
Domestic violence is found in all types of intimate relationships whether the individuals are of the same or opposite sex, are married or dating, or are in a current or past intimate relationship.
There are two essential elements in every domestic violence situation: In some instances, the abuser may be female while the victim is male; domestic violence also occurs in gay and lesbian relationships.
Domestic violence is real violence, often resulting in permanent injuries or death. Battering is a widespread societal problem with consequences reaching far beyond individual families. It is conduct that has devastating effects for individual victims, their children and their communities. In addition to these immediate effects, there is growing evidence that violence within the "family becomes the breeding ground for other social problems such as substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, and violent crimes of all types" MTCAWA e-mail interview.
Domestic violence against women is not merely a domestic issue; but, rather a complex socio-economical crisis that threatens the interconnected equilibrium of the entire social structure. The Missing Agenda, The causes of domestic violence against women are numerous. Many claim stress is the substantial cause of domestic conflict resulting in violence.
Though stress in the workplace is a contributing factor, it is by no means the substantial one. Many people suffer from stress disorders, but most don't resort to violence as a means of release. It is apparent that the substantial causes have more to do with the conditioning of males culturally, and within the family of orientation than anything else. Historically, women have been treated more as belongings than human beings; Old English Common Law permitted a man to abuse his wife and kids, as long as he didn't use a stick thicker than the width of his thumb--"Rule of Thumb" The Living Family, Culturally, men have been conditioned to repress their feelings of emotion--always acting like the tough guy, the linebacker, the cowboy.
But, when confronted with an emotionally difficult conflict, one which is impossible to shove down deep, they irrupt in volcanic proportions, often taking out years of repressed rage on those closest to them, in particular their own family.
However, what seems to be the most significant cause of the male tactic of violent conflict resolution is violence within the family of orientation. Using the relatively accepted Freudian model, which claims that all mental illness stems from traumatic childhood trauma, one can see how there is a direct correlation between violence in the family of orientation and violence within the family of procreation.
And, indeed, abusers are mentally ill, though the illness tends to be more subtle than others: In most cases the cycle of violence starts slowly; it usually consists of a slap in the face or a hard shove. But the frequency and degree of violence escalates with time. The abuser will justify the abuse by pointing out his wife's inadequacies and faults.
But, no matter how wrong the wife is, there is little, if no, justification for spousel abuse within a civil society. The real issue at hand is the neurosis within the male psyche. Just as in rape, the key issue is control. Male abusers are laden with fear about losing power. They won't stop there either.
The pattern of abuse involves severe mental torture and humiliation--blaming, threatening, ignoring, isolating, forcing sex, monitoring phone calls, and restricting any form of social life. It is a vicious cycle of abuse, where the wife is almost literally chained to the husband. Her self-esteem has been obliterated. She is financially, emotionally, and functionally helpless. She is incapable of reaching out for help for herself or for her children. At this point the abuse gets more routine; the abuser sites his partner's pathetic state as more reason to beat her.
And the victim sinks deeper, and more beatings ensue. She has been infected with psychological-AIDS; she has no defense "immune system" to combat the disease of abuse.
For women, escaping an abusive relationship is VERY difficult. And the abuse usually doesn't stop at the discretion of the male. It is painfully clear that victims have little but two choices: Sadly, the latter is the easier one.
Domestic Violence as a Health Issue The World Health Organization defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" In the Health of Women: A Global Perspective, Based on this, domestic violence against women is clearly a health problem. In , the U. Physical violence is the most basic form of domestic violence, leading to extensive injury, unsuccessful pregnancies and even murder.
These are deaths caused by a preventable social problem. Actual or threatened physical violence, psychological violence and the denial of physical and economic resources all have an enormous impact on women's mental health. These problems take many forms, all affecting women's ability to attain a basic quality of life for herself and her family. Abuse is strongly associated with alcoholism and drug use in women Facts About Domestic Violence.
It also can lead to "fatigue and passivity coupled with an extreme sense of worthlessness" Violence Against Women in the Family, These symptoms together remove any initiative and decision making ability from the victim. This lethargy, coupled with economic barriers, makes escape from the situation very difficult.
The lack of initiative also thwarts women's abilities to participate in activities outside of the home. High levels of stress and depression are also extremely common mental health problems for victims of family violence, often leading to suicide Facts About Domestic Violence. In the United States, one quarter of suicide attempts by white women and one half of attempts by African American women are preceded by abuse In the Health of Women: The World Bank's analysis found domestic violence to be a major cause of disability and death among women; the burden of family violence is comparable to that of HIV, tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease or cancer Domestic Violence Against Women: A Global Issue, In industrialized nations one in five healthy days of life are lost to women age 15 to 44 due to domestic violence Fact Sheet About Domestic Violence Domestic violence "diverts the scarce resources of national health care systems to the treatment of a preventable social ill" Violence Against Women in the Family, Medical costs for the treatment of abused women total at least 3 to 5 billion dollars annually in the United States.
Battered women in the United States are four to five times more likely than non-battered women to require psychiatric treatment, and over one million women in the U. Finally, families in the United States in which domestic violence occurs use doctors eight times more often, visit the emergency room six times more often and use six times more prescription drugs than the general population Facts About Domestic Violence.
A Socio-Economic Crisis Domestic violence against women is not an individual or family problem. It is an important social issue. Using the Systems Theory as a theoretical framework helps show the resonating effect of such violence.
The family unit is one of many sub-systems. Together, all these different sub-systems make up the one big system i. The human body serves as a good example:
Essay on domestic violence. Domestic violence is present in almost every society of the world. The term can be classified on various bases. Violence against spouse, children or elderly is few of some commonly encountered cases. There are various kinds of tactics that are adopted by the attacker against the victim.
Domestic violence is a narrower term for domestic abuse – a behavior pattern which implies controlling or dominating one person who is an intimate relationship, whether it be a partner, children, or relatives (Helpguide).
Oct 12, · Free Essays from Bartleby | statements that one hears when discussing domestic violence. When video broke of NFL player Ray Rice, hitting and knocking out. Free Domestic Violence papers, essays, and research papers.
Domestic violence is commonly considered as mistreatment of women; however, there are other forms of domestic violence that also affect men, women, and children. Domestic violence occurs in different forms of not only sexual abuse, but . Domestic violence is a relationship between intimate partners in which one individual seeks to assert power and control over the other. The.