For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required.
The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph. A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however. No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant.
Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life in general or event in particular you believe most clearly illustrates your point.
Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. The importance of this step cannot be understated although it clearly can be underlined ; this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place.
Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant. The first sentence — the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective. Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should ideally also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together.
For example, if you used "first" in the first body paragraph then you should used "secondly" in the second or "on the one hand" and "on the other hand" accordingly. Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them. It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines so make them count. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over.
You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing.
Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another.
In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them. Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought.
As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features.
While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay. Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc.
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Things to consider when shaping a topic: It should have an impact on the reader by being informative, entertaining, influential, emotional, or interesting. You will want to shape the topic to the appropriate length for your essay. Some ways to narrow a topic are by: Freewriting Making a list Examine subject from different angles Clustering 7.
A few of the purposes are: To inform the reader of something To persuade the reader to think or act a certain way. You may want to think about entertaining the reader. Jot down everything you know about the topic in a short list. Ask yourself questions, and answer those questions. Start with the essential ideas and then connect ideas in a cluster.
Write a letter to yourself or someone else explaining exactly what you know about a particular idea or topic. Jot down things during the day that pertain to your topic as your thinking about developing your essay. Talk with other people about your topic see if they know anything that you may want to use in your essay. The Thesis Statement 1. Thesis Statement The thesis tells what an essay is going to be about.
It is a brief opinion on a limited subject, and it usually appears at the end of the introduction. It guides the reader; it tells the reader exactly how you are going to be developing this particular topic. It presents the main idea of the essay.
Working Thesis Statement You should always begin your writing with a working thesis statement. This helps you to organize our ideas and set u the structure of the essay.
The Essay Map Once your have your thesis, you may want to start with an essay map. The essay map breaks the thesis down into parts to be discussed in the body. The e ssay map is generally one or two sentences that follow the thesis statement.
The essay must be grammatically parallel. For example, this is a poor thesis statement: For example, this thesis statement is brief and specific: Have your essay explain exactly why apartment living is preferable to dorm living. A Good Thesis Statement avoids: Shaping The Thesis Avoid b road statements. A thesis that is too broad will cause the writer to present a superficial discussion that will never get beyond the obvious.
Be specific and concise. Factual statements leave the writer with nothing to say, with no way to develop it. Avoid the Announcement Poor announcement example: Evaluating Thesis Statement Determine whether these thesis statements are broad, factual, announcements, or vague, and then think about re-writing them.
Setting Up the Essay 1. Essay Form and Structure Generally all essays have: In the Introduction you want to: Catch the readers attention Lead into the topic Present your thesis main idea 3. Creating Interest in Your Topic means: Providing background information on your thesis statement, some ways to do that is by: Tell a relevant story Explain why topic is important to your reader Present interesting images or use description that will keep readers interested.
Present an exciting problem or raise a provocative question. Present an opposing viewpoint. Body Paragraphs besides the introduction Body paragraphs will have two parts; topic sentence and supporting details. Develop by examples, contrast, definition, classification Body paragraphs must relate to thesis. It must present facts and details to validate thesis. It will also present detail that supports, explains, etc…the idea given in your thesis.
It will present the material to convince your reader of the validity of your thesis. This is important because the body paragraphs are the core of the essay. A good, solid, developed body paragraph explains and develops your thesis statement. Topic Sentence The topic sentence provides focus by presenting the point the body paragraph will deal with, and usuallly appears at the beginning of the paragraph. This point will be something to support the thesis. Paragraphs should be focused around this single idea or point, and they should be clearly related to what comes before them.
One of the best ways to ensure that a paragraph is focused and clearly related to the thesis statement is to ensure that it has a good topic sentence. Each sentence in a paragraph should help support the topic sentence of that paragraph in the same way that each paragraph should relate to the thesis statement , so each sentence should connect with the main point of the paragraph in some way. Sentences should also connect well with each other, and in forging sentence-to-sentence connections, good transitions are crucial.
Beyond of these two key features of good paragraphs good topic sentences and transitions , there is a certain method of presenting information in a paragraph, and there are things to avoid in paragraphs. Following the topic sentence, a paragraph should introduce, provide, and explain its evidence. After this, it should either repeat, with new topic-sentence-related evidence, or take a sentence or two to close the paragraph.
While good topic sentences offer an idea of what the paragraph is going to be about and how that fits into the rest of the paper, at the heart of a paragraph are evidence and explanation that support the key claim of the paragraph. We can call these the heart of a paragraph both in the sense that they give purpose to the paragraph and in the sense that they appear roughly in the middle of the paragraph. As the body of an essay needs a good introduction , so do the evidence and explanation given in a paragraph.
Usually, this evidence will need to be contextualized, prefaced, or otherwise introduced before it is provided. In a sociology paper, this might mean explaining the significance of a statistic; in literary studies, the most interesting element of a quotation from a poem or story; in history of technology, what the technical explanation of a process means in simple terms; and in philosophy, the assumptions and logical connections at work in an argument.
Different fields deal with such explanation in different ways, but they all require it. Finally, a paragraph requires a satisfying conclusion.
Essay Structure Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader.
How is an essay structured? In order for your essay to be convincing and make sense, it needs to be presented inside a well structured piece of writing. How do you do this within the framework of an essay's general structure of Introduction, Body, Conclusion?
Jul 11, · The structure of an essay is basically the same: outline, topic, thesis statement, intro, body, and conclusion. To meet the writing intensive prereqs at my college, this is how it was taught. The different types of essays frogvorskdwq.gas: One of the ways in which you will be evaluated on your Writing tasks is how well your essays are organized. For this exclusive look inside the TOEFL ® test, we’re going to talk about specific tips to help structure and organize your written responses.. First, let’s look at the three basic parts of an essay: the introduction, body and conclusion.
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