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Definition of 'census'

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❶Marketing Basics for the Novice Entrepreneur. The bureau maintained that its homeless survey was not intended to produce a definitive count of the homeless population.

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But a comparison of census and FBI data shows the U. Other governments According to the census and state data: Waukesha has the seventh largest population base of all Wisconsin communities.

Gaelic, a Celtic language, is still spoken by 1 percent of the Scottish population, according to the latest census. Helping the homeless find housing More than 6, men, women and children in Louisville are homeless, according to the latest census taken in Stopping gun violence," 15 May Charlotte Observer," 12 Apr. A wild omnibus ride," 24 Mar. Related Words score ; amount , gross , sum , total , whole ; recount ;. Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms abscissa , denominator , divisor , equilateral , exponent , hypotenuse , logarithm , oblique , radii , rhomb.

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This process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, which was a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, and the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is almost always an address register. Thus it is not known if there is anyone resident or how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed.

As a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households.

A particular problem is what are termed 'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc.

As these are not easily enumerated by a single householder, they are often treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are normally counted within households and information is typically collected about the household structure and the housing.

For this reason international documents refer to censuses of population and housing. Normally the census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted.

Broadly, three definitions can be used: This is important to consider individuals who have multiple or temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day , their de facto residence , may not be the best place to count them.

Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure , residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address, perhaps a family home for students or long term migrants. It is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count.

This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, refugees, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, and people without a fixed address. People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are difficult to fix at a particular address sometimes causing double counting or houses being mistakenly identified as vacant.

Another problem is where people use a different address at different times e. Census enumeration has always been based on finding people where they live as there is no systematic alternative - any list you could use to find people is derived from census activities in the first place.

Recent UN guidelines provide recommendation on enumerating such complex households. Historical censuses used crude enumeration assuming absolute accuracy. Modern approaches take into account the problems of overcount and undercount , and the coherence of census enumerations with other official sources of data.

An important aspect of the census process is to evaluate the quality of the data. Many countries use a post-enumeration survey to adjust the raw census counts. In census circles this method is called dual system enumeration DSE. A sample of households are visited by interviewers who record the details of the household as at census day. These data are then matched to census records and the number of people missed can be estimated by considering the number missed in the census or survey but counted in the other.

This way counts can be adjusted for non-response varying between different demographic groups. An explanation using a fishing analogy can be found in "Trout, Catfish and Roach Triple system enumeration has been proposed as an improvement as it would allow evaluation of the statistical dependence of pairs of sources.

However, as the matching process is the most difficult aspect of census estimation this has never been implemented for a national enumeration. It would also be difficult to identify three different sources that were sufficiently different to make the triple system effort worthwhile. The DSE approach has another weakness in that it assumes there is no person counted twice over count.

In de facto residence definitions this would not be a problem but in de jure definitions individuals risk being recorded on more than one form leading to double counting. A particular problem here are students who often have a term time and family address. Everyone receives the short form questions.

Thereby more data are collected but not imposing a burden on the whole population. This also reduces the burden on the statistical office. Recently there has been controversy in Canada about the cessation of the long form with the head, Munir Sheikh resigning. The use of alternative enumeration strategies is increasing [13] but these are not so simple as many people assume and only occur in developed countries.

This allows a simulated census to be conducted by linking several different administrative databases at an agreed time. Data can be matched and an overall enumeration established accounting for where the different sources are discrepant.

A validation survey is still conducted in a similar way to the post enumeration survey employed in a traditional census. Other countries which have a population register use this as a basis for all the census statistics needed by users. This is most common among Nordic countries but requires a large number of different registers to be combined including population, housing, employment and education.

These registers are then combined and brought up to the standard of a statistical register by comparing the data in different sources and ensuring the quality is sufficient for official statistics to be produced. Censuses have evolved in their use of technology with the latest censuses, the round, using many new types of computing. In Brazil, handheld devices were used by enumerators to locate residences on the ground. In many countries, census returns could be made via the Internet as well as in paper form.

DSE is facilitated by computer matching techniques which can be automated, such as propensity score matching. In the UK, all census formats are scanned and stored electronically before being destroyed, replacing the need for physical archives. The record linking to perform an administrative census would not be possible without large databases being stored on computer systems.

New technology is not without problems in its introduction. The US census had intended to use the handheld computers but cost escalated and this was abandoned, with the contract being sold to Brazil.

Online response is a good idea but one of the functions of census is to make sure everyone is counted accurately. A system which allowed people to enter their address without verification would be open to abuse.

Therefore, households have to be verified on the ground, typically by an enumerator visit or post out. Paper forms are still necessary for those without access to Internet connections.

It is also possible that the hidden nature of an administrative census means that users are not engaged with the importance of contributing their data to official statistics. Alternatively, population estimations may be carried out remotely with GIS and remote sensing technologies. Translate your text for free.

Nearby words of 'census'. Related Terms of 'census'. Definition of census from the Collins English Dictionary. The declarative is used to make statements. A statement is usually the expression of a fact or of an opinion. Statements can be both positive or negative. Kate is not working after all. Impress your friends, family and colleagues with this unusual collection of football lingo. Catch up on the latest words in the news this July with Robert Groves.

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s, from Latin census "the enrollment of the names and property assessments of all Roman citizens," originally past participle of censere "to assess" (see censor (n.)). The modern census begins in the .

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Census definition is - a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome. How to use census in a sentence. a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome.

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Special census to start Friday Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue Census: Higher population means more bigger share of tax revenue The census was held after a delay of almost 19 years after the planned census of which was delayed due to . The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S. International Trade Main.

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census offers short-term jobs with long-term results Profile of language, immigration, citizenship, mobility and migration for Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions, census, census year A census is an official survey of the population of a country that is carried out in order to find out how many people live there and to obtain details of such things as people's ages and jobs. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary.