All such material, whether just an art sketch or final plate proof, remains an essay until the production and release of a stamp exactly like it. Then it becomes a proof. It should be noted that reprints of stamps previously issued and sold by the Postal Service are not classified as proofs, even though such reprints may have been sold for collectors' benefit only.
When an essay was fully approved, one engraver may have done the vignette only and had proofs of his work pulled at any point. Another engraver, completing the frame and lettering, may also have had progress proofs of his work made. Two groups of proofs of one stamp were ultimately created: When Ripper's art for the Louisiana Expo issue was accepted, it became an "artist's proof.
When a proof is printed in the exact color of the stamp, it is termed a "color proof". Although proofs are known to exist in many varied styles, those listed below are the most common:.
Margins often show the imprint, letters and numbers of the original contract printers. In the United States these large die proofs usually were printed on India paper and mounted on cards. Those with the engraver's name or an official approval designation are highly valued.
Approximately types were printed for 85 album sets prepared by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing in These are found on a fibrous, white wove paper. Another special printing of different small die proofs was made for the Panama-Pacific Exposition. These were produced on a soft, yellowish wove paper, and are extremely scarce.
They were made from finished plates and are excellent impressions, showing a sharpness and color far superior to the stamps themselves. They have been cut to shape and pressed onto large cards to resemble the large die proofs. This paper also varies in thickness and shows particles of bamboo. Strangely, India paper was developed in China in the 18th century, and was once referred to as "China paper".
Essay-Proof Society, which has since disbanded, defined a proof as "any impression, the design of which was approved for use on an issued stamp of an established government or private post, from any die, plate, stone or type, printed for the purpose of 1 examination or reference, 2 for determination of satisfactory quality of design, color, ink, or imprinted surface, or 3 for determination of the effect of cancellation or method of separation".
The Scott roster includes only those proofs outside of government ownership. Up until a half century ago or more, stamp proofs were available to the stamp trade. In early days, congressmen could secure them for their constituents upon request. Thousands were distributed in this manner, creating a collecting irony of sorts: Essays are often obviously not postage stamps because they lack part of the design or part of the production process that postage stamps have.
The striking red and black centesimo Eritrean imperforate essay, shown in Figure 4, is one of three African Portrait die essays on card stock submitted but not adopted for the colony by the Italian authorities.
Unlike the airmail essay of Figure 3, the Figure 4 essay is obviously not a postage stamp because it lacks the production details of a finished stamp. It is printed on card stock and lacks gum and perforations. Some countries have openly sold proofs to collectors, and these items are relatively easy to obtain. Proofs are virtually unknown for other countries and for most private printing firms that have never released proofs to the collecting market.
Large die proofs are printed on large pieces of card that are about the size of the die block. Scott P, is shown in Figure 5. Conversely, small die proofs are printed on a small piece of card, not much larger than the stamp design. A small die proof of the U. Scott E6P, is shown in Figure 6. Progressive proofs are impressions that are taken as the design is being engraved to check the work.
Progressive proofs are usually printed in black ink. Plate proofs are printed from finished plates. They are usually printed on different paper stock and sometimes in different colors than the issued stamps. Because they are carefully printed when the plate is fresh and new, they usually have a finer impression than normal production stamps.
Plate proofs in colors different from the stamp as issued are known as trial-color proofs. A trial-color plate proof block of six orange-brown French centime Ceres stamps, including a tete-beche pair, is shown in Figure 7. The issued stamp, Scott 3, is black.
Hybrid proofs are plate proofs that were trimmed closely around the stamp design and mounted on card stock to resemble a large die proof. They usually sell for less than large die proofs, so careful examination is necessary to make sure that any large die proof isn't really a hybrid. India paper has no sizing and is thin, soft and absorbent.
It wrinkles or disintegrates when moistened, and it sometimes shows bamboo particles. Card is thicker than paper. Stamp fakers sometimes give plate proofs of rare and valuable stamps on India paper a thicker backing or shave die proofs on card down in hopes of passing them off as the issued stamps. Specimen stamps are postage stamps that serve as examples. They are marked to prevent their usage as postage.
Specimen stamps might also be marked by being punched, perforated, handstamped or inscribed. Specimen stamps typically are distributed to the Universal Postal Union and to individual postal authorities as examples of what stamps that are valid for postage look like.
The UPU convention of required that each member nation submit three examples of each stamp that it issues to the UPU for reference purposes. The UPU did not require that the stamps be marked as specimens, but most postal administrations did so as a precaution against their being used for postage.
Although they are uncommon, specimen stamps are not particularly pricey because demand for them is weak. They are not listed in most stamp catalogs.
Essay on my hobby of of collecting postage stamps. A hobby is a man’s favorite occupation other than his main business. A man may find time after his usual daily work. He may spend that time in doing something which gives him special pleasure and adds to his knowledge. Related Articles: Essay .
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Essay on stamp collection - Only HQ academic services provided by top professionals. Why be concerned about the report? apply for the required assistance on the website work with our scholars to receive the quality report following the requirements. Write an essay on Stamp-Collecting as a Hobby A good collector then can go to the market and sell his collection at considerable profit. Pleasure is thus coined into profit. It is the same with the collection of old coins. That surely is an ample source of satisfaction.
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