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It was submitted to Harper's Bazaar for publication, but on March 22, , the magazine rejected the story as "not quite suited to a woman's magazine ". Eight days later, Twain wrote to his friend Daniel Carter Beard , to whom he had read the story, "I don't think the prayer will be published in my time.

None but the dead are permitted to tell the truth. It was republished as campaigning material by Vietnam War protesters. Twain acknowledged that he had originally sympathized with the more moderate Girondins of the French Revolution and then shifted his sympathies to the more radical Sansculottes , indeed identifying himself as "a Marat " and writing that the Reign of Terror paled in comparison to the older terrors that preceded it.

I am said to be a revolutionist in my sympathies, by birth, by breeding and by principle. I am always on the side of the revolutionists, because there never was a revolution unless there were some oppressive and intolerable conditions against which to revolute. Twain was an adamant supporter of the abolition of slavery and the emancipation of slaves, even going so far as to say, " Lincoln 's Proclamation Twain's sympathetic views on race were not reflected in his early writings on American Indians.

Of them, Twain wrote in His heart is a cesspool of falsehood, of treachery, and of low and devilish instincts. With him, gratitude is an unknown emotion; and when one does him a kindness, it is safest to keep the face toward him, lest the reward be an arrow in the back. To accept of a favor from him is to assume a debt which you can never repay to his satisfaction, though you bankrupt yourself trying.

The scum of the earth! Cooper thinks they are marvelous creatures for noticing, but he was almost always in error about his Indians. There was seldom a sane one among them. Where every prospect pleases, and only man is vile. Twain was also a staunch supporter of women's rights and an active campaigner for women's suffrage. His " Votes for Women " speech, in which he pressed for the granting of voting rights to women, is considered one of the most famous in history.

Helen Keller benefited from Twain's support as she pursued her college education and publishing despite her disabilities and financial limitations. The two were friends for roughly 16 years. Twain wrote glowingly about unions in the river boating industry in Life on the Mississippi , which was read in union halls decades later.

Who are the oppressors? Who are the oppressed? Twain was a Presbyterian. Twain generally avoided publishing his most controversial [] opinions on religion in his lifetime, and they are known from essays and stories that were published later. In the essay Three Statements of the Eighties in the s, Twain stated that he believed in an almighty God, but not in any messages, revelations , holy scriptures such as the Bible, Providence , or retribution in the afterlife.

He did state that "the goodness, the justice, and the mercy of God are manifested in His works", but also that " the universe is governed by strict and immutable laws ", which determine "small matters", such as who dies in a pestilence.

At other times, he conjectured sardonically that perhaps God had created the world with all its tortures for some purpose of His own, but was otherwise indifferent to humanity, which was too petty and insignificant to deserve His attention anyway. In , Twain criticized the actions of the missionary Dr. William Scott Ament — because Ament and other missionaries had collected indemnities from Chinese subjects in the aftermath of the Boxer Uprising of Twain's response to hearing of Ament's methods was published in the North American Review in February After his death, Twain's family suppressed some of his work that was especially irreverent toward conventional religion, notably Letters from the Earth , which was not published until his daughter Clara reversed her position in in response to Soviet propaganda about the withholding.

Little Bessie , a story ridiculing Christianity, was first published in the collection Mark Twain's Fables of Man. He raised money to build a Presbyterian Church in Nevada in Twain created a reverent portrayal of Joan of Arc , a subject over which he had obsessed for forty years, studied for a dozen years and spent two years writing about.

Those who knew Twain well late in life recount that he dwelt on the subject of the afterlife, his daughter Clara saying: Twain's frankest views on religion appeared in his final work Autobiography of Mark Twain , the publication of which started in November , years after his death.

In it, he said: There is one notable thing about our Christianity: Measured by our Christianity of to-day, bad as it is, hypocritical as it is, empty and hollow as it is, neither the Deity nor his Son is a Christian, nor qualified for that moderately high place. Ours is a terrible religion. The fleets of the world could swim in spacious comfort in the innocent blood it has spilled.

Twain was a Freemason. They also gave him a Book of Mormon. The book seems to be merely a prosy detail of imaginary history, with the Old Testament for a model; followed by a tedious plagiarism of the New Testament. Twain was opposed to the vivisection practices of his day. His objection was not on a scientific basis but rather an ethical one. He specifically cited the pain caused to the animal as his basis of his opposition: I am not interested to know whether Vivisection produces results that are profitable to the human race or doesn't.

The pains which it inflicts upon unconsenting animals is the basis of my enmity towards it, and it is to me sufficient justification of the enmity without looking further. Twain used different pen names before deciding on "'Mark Twain". He signed humorous and imaginative sketches as "Josh" until Additionally, he used the pen name "Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass" for a series of humorous letters.

He maintained that his primary pen name came from his years working on Mississippi riverboats, where two fathoms, a depth indicating water safe for the passage of boat, was a measure on the sounding line. Twain is an archaic term for "two", as in "The veil of the temple was rent in twain.

Twain said that his famous pen name was not entirely his invention. In Life on the Mississippi , he wrote:. They related to the stage and condition of the river, and were accurate and valuable; At the time that the telegraph brought the news of his death, I was on the Pacific coast. Twain's story about his pen name has been questioned by some [] with the suggestion that "mark twain" refers to a running bar tab that Twain would regularly incur while drinking at John Piper's saloon in Virginia City, Nevada.

Samuel Clemens himself responded to this suggestion by saying, "Mark Twain was the nom de plume of one Captain Isaiah Sellers, who used to write river news over it for the New Orleans Picayune. He died in and as he could no longer need that signature, I laid violent hands upon it without asking permission of the proprietor's remains.

That is the history of the nom de plume I bear. I was a cub pilot on the Mississippi River then, and one day I wrote a rude and crude satire which was leveled at Captain Isaiah Sellers, the oldest steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River, and the most respected, esteemed, and revered. For many years he had occasionally written brief paragraphs concerning the river and the changes which it had undergone under his observation during fifty years, and had signed these paragraphs "Mark Twain" and published them in the St.

Louis and New Orleans journals. In my satire I made rude game of his reminiscences. It was a shabby poor performance, but I didn't know it, and the pilots didn't know it. The pilots thought it was brilliant. They were jealous of Sellers, because when the gray-heads among them pleased their vanity by detailing in the hearing of the younger craftsmen marvels which they had seen in the long ago on the river, Sellers was always likely to step in at the psychological moment and snuff them out with wonders of his own which made their small marvels look pale and sick.

However, I have told all about this in "Old Times on the Mississippi. That poor old Captain Sellers was deeply wounded. He had never been held up to ridicule before; he was sensitive, and he never got over the hurt which I had wantonly and stupidly inflicted upon his dignity.

I was proud of my performance for a while, and considered it quite wonderful, but I have changed my opinion of it long ago. Sellers never published another paragraph nor ever used his nom de guerre again. While Twain is often depicted wearing a white suit, modern representations suggesting that he wore them throughout his life are unfounded.

Evidence suggests that Twain began wearing white suits on the lecture circuit, after the death of his wife Olivia "Livy" in However, there is also evidence showing him wearing a white suit before In , he sent a photograph of himself in a white suit to year-old Edward W.

Bok , later publisher of the Ladies Home Journal , with a handwritten dated note. It did eventually become his trademark, as illustrated in anecdotes about this eccentricity such as the time he wore a white summer suit to a Congressional hearing during the winter.

Next after fine colors, I like plain white. One of my sorrows, when the summer ends, is that I must put off my cheery and comfortable white clothes and enter for the winter into the depressing captivity of the shapeless and degrading black ones. It is mid-October now, and the weather is growing cold up here in the New Hampshire hills, but it will not succeed in freezing me out of these white garments, for here the neighbors are few, and it is only of crowds that I am afraid.

I made a brave experiment, the other night, to see how it would feel to shock a crowd with these unseasonable clothes, and also to see how long it might take the crowd to reconcile itself to them and stop looking astonished and outraged. On a stormy evening I made a talk before a full house, in the village, clothed like a ghost, and looking as conspicuous, all solitary and alone on that platform, as any ghost could have looked; and I found, to my gratification, that it took the house less than ten minutes to forget about the ghost and give its attention to the tidings I had brought.

I am nearly seventy-one, and I recognize that my age has given me a good many privileges; valuable privileges; privileges which are not granted to younger persons. Little by little I hope to get together courage enough to wear white clothes all through the winter, in New York. It will be a great satisfaction to me to show off in this way; and perhaps the largest of all the satisfactions will be the knowledge that every scoffer, of my sex, will secretly envy me and wish he dared to follow my lead.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Mark Twain disambiguation. This article possibly contains original research.

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Olivia Langdon Clemens m. This section possibly contains original research. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Mark Twain in popular culture. Archived from the original on June 3, Retrieved October 28, The New York Times. The Best Boy You Had —". The Singular Mark Twain. The Singular Mark Twain ". The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Volume Literature of Ireland and the American South. Genealogy Volume 1—2; a weekly journal of American ancestry.

Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved August 17, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Archived from the original on November 1, State Historical Society of Missouri. Social Critic New York: International Publishers, , p. Life on the Mississippi , pp. Autobiography of Mark Twain: University of California Press. Roughing It , p. The Mark Twain Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 9, How a rough-edged aspiring author courted a beautiful heiress".

Retrieved 12 February Retrieved April 26, She was 88 years old. Archived from the original on July 29, Retrieved May 1, The Cresset , A review of literature, the arts, and public affairs, Valparaiso University. United States Patent and Trademark Office. Niemann, Paul November Invention Mysteries Invention Mysteries Series.

Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, Retrieved November 25, The Inventions of Mark Twain: Hill and Wang, Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Retrieved August 30, Retrieved February 7, The Fate of Humor. Princeton University Press, Critical Companion to Mark Twain: Mark Twain and Medicine: University of Missouri Press. Any Mummery Will Cure. Dollis Hill House Trust. Milne, Winnie the Pooh.

Astrid Lindgren, Pippi Langstrump. The Cat in the Hat. William James offers us a philosophy called Pragmatism which seems designed to steer between previous philosophical positions on what constitutes the truth. For James, a thing is true insofar as it is useful. James would refer, in what seems to be a self-consciously American way of speaking not unlike Mark Twain , to the "cash value" of an idea -- or as James expounds it "Pragmatism asks its usual question, 'Grant an idea or belief to be true This entails negotiating between multiple truth claims and selecting them on the basis…… [Read More].

Mobile Marketing in Hotels. The truth of this maxim is as true in today's marketing reality as ever. Marketing can be understood primarily as a business philosophy that puts the customer first. From this perspective, the primary goal of hospitality businesses should be to create and retain satisfied customers. This concept proposes that satisfying customers' needs and wants should be at the center of an organization's decision-making process.

Professional marketers believe that this customer focus is the responsibility of everybody in the organization. Adopting this philosophy requires a total management commitment to the customer, and companies that pursue…… [Read More]. Rhetoric of Explanation a Trend in Technology and Society. Technology and Society All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula.

To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the Western world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side.

Whether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed. This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More].

Auteur theory is familiar to anyone who is a fan of the French cinema because the word originated as a description of a certain type of French film. Basically, it was a style that was directly connected to the director of the film, usually because he was both the involved in both writing the screenplay and directing the film.

Both directors were also proponents of the idea of auteur cinema, so their films would have had a flair that was similar to some elements of themselves. It can be said that the Truffaut film is the best representation of the style between the two because he was using scenes from his own life and that of his friends. Just as Tom Sawyer was a mix of the…… [Read More]. How did the space impact your viewing? I have barley seen professional dance in a real life setting. I have mostly seen dance on movies and then the first impression of dance comes as that of ballroom dancing, specifically traditional waltzes done according, largely to Straus' Waltz.

An example may be that in the 'Sound of Music' where the kids watch and model with their own performance or with a Trollope novel, Jane Austen many of whose characters debutante by balls, Tolstoy's Peace and War where a dance scene too takes place, the movie "Anne Karenina," and so forth. So many of these classical movies feature ballroom dancing and, inevitably, we have the waltz where staid ladies and gentleman delicately place their arms around their partner's waist and twist and bend across the ballroom floor.

The dancing was seen on a movie. The space certainly impacted my viewing since…… [Read More]. Heard in the U S Supreme Court Supreme Court -- Washington v. Harper -- will be the focus of the first part of this paper. The second part reviews prison conditions in Texas. Harper -- Part One This was a case resulting from the unstable mental condition of Walter Harper, who has been incarcerated in the Washington state prison system since a robbery conviction in Harper has been administered antipsychotic drugs for years because of his psychiatric condition; when he does not take his medication his condition worsens, and he becomes violent, according to Justia.

Supreme Court Center for public information. On occasion Harper has become violently out of control in prison and as a result has been transferred to the Special Offender Center SOC.

While at the SOC a facility for inmates with "serious mental illness" Harper was required to take the drugs "against his will. Humanities Role of Music in Africa Role. The oldest record of any musical instrument in the world is also in Africa, namely "bone flute" found in Haua Fteah McBurney, In the traditional African Culture, every aspect of life was associated with the specific music that accompanied telling of a story. Unlike people of other countries, African people are not only listeners but almost everyone in Africa sings or is expert in playing musical instruments.

If we look at the history, we find out that music was so important in African culture that it was part of the routine language and talking of the people. There are around languages spoken in Africa due to which the music of Africa is also very…… [Read More]. Progressive Era Happened Progressive Era. Era What Would the U. Have Been Like without a Progressive Era? What would have happened had there been no Progressive Era at the end of the 19th and early 20th century?

The period between and saw the mobilization of several various platforms erected under social, economic and political banners -- all promoting progress in their respective fields. Had there been no Progressive Era, there would have been no women like Ida B. Wells, who became famous in the 19th century when she sued the railroad which made her give up her seat so a white man could sit in it. Wells later went on to write the editorial activist piece "Lynch Law," which drew attention to unjust and violently racist laws in effect in the post-War South.

Had there been no Progressive Era, there would have been no voice for social equality, social fairness, and a new…… [Read More]. Physically powerful and possessed of an intelligence that rendered them trainable, these ancient fighting dogs fought alongside their masters in territorial warfare over tribal lands. Between the years of 50 AD and AD, it is believed that the Molossi dogs were sold and traded throughout Greece and crossbred to create the first breed of bulldog -- the American Pit Bull's immediate ancestor.

While the Romans essentially used the dogs as canine gladiators in arena blood-sports, early Norman butchers used them to control unruly cattle. Later evolving into the horribly inhuman sport of "baiting," the dogs were trained to nip, herd, and essentially harass a bull for hours in a spectacle for the crowd. After baiting…… [Read More]. The reason that these people are able to have such a profound impact is due to their endless struggle for a cause or for something in which they truly believe.

Born in , and graduating from Harvard, by the end of the year , William Hearst had become the owner of the San Francisco Examiner William Randolph Hearst , n. His quick success and rise was partially favored by the family's wealth earned through the mining industry.

However, Hearst decided to separate his path from his families and took this course. During his…… [Read More]. Washington The inspiring stories that Booker T. Washington shares with readers in his turn of the century book of articles, Up From Slavery should be required reading for American high school students.

The book's more poignant stories should be as much a part of a high school student's studies as the reasons for the Civil War, as the important players in the Civil Rights Movement. Well before the Civil Rights Movement, well before civil rights and voting rights legislation in Congress, in the midst of horrifyingly unfair Jim Crow segregation racism in the south, Washington stood out among men of all colors for his advocacy of education and his leadership in pursuit of education for all.

Domestic Prison Gender Roles and Marriage the. Louise Mallard is similar to the unnamed narrator in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" is that they are literally imprisoned in a domestic world from which there is no escape but death or insanity. As in all of this early feminist fiction, the women characters are defined as 'sick', either physically or mentally, for even imaging a situation on which they might be free, for they are allowed no lives of their own.

Louise Mallard was overjoyed when she heard that her husband was killed in an accident,…… [Read More]. Frida Kahlo William Faulkner Frida Kahlo and William Faulkner were both recognized for the contribution that they brought to their field of work, especially considering that their works are presently appreciated for their quality. Both of them were artists and both of them lived to see some of the most important events of the twentieth century.

Their artistic abilities influenced them in adopting unique styles in their line of work as they were both considered to be very different from other individuals who worked with abstract art, and, respectively, with literature. One cannot simply go through a Frida Kahlo painting or through a William Faulkner writing without employing a lot of concentration in the process, as their works are complex and require a lot of expertise in order to be properly understood.

When thinking about Kahlo or Faulkner most people are likely to relate to the unstable condition that these…… [Read More]. Plato's Apology and Socrates' Trial. To wit, in Socrates' day, there were no official government prosecutors commonly referred to in modern America as "District Attorneys" ; in effect, any citizen could bring an indictment against any other citizen, and call for a trial. And that's basically what happened to Socrates.

Bush stated, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me. Bush's answer was, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me America's Road to Becoming a. Argument against colonization While the American government pursued this expansionist policy, many citizens expressed concerns and dissent, for many disparate reasons.

Ironically, while expansionism was based on ideas of racial superiority, so did the counter-arguments. For example, labor leader Samuel Gompers argued against the acquisition of colonies, for fear of being swarmed by "the Negritos, the Chinese, the Malays" and the other "semi-savage races" from coming to the United States? While Sumber agrees with the argument that Anglo Saxons are a superior race, he also believed that colonization would interfere with the progress of the lesser race and may even disrupt the development of the Anglo Saxon civilization.

However, many prominent Americans also opposed American expansionism based on more lawful and humanitarian reasons. Republican Senator George F. Hoar, for example, argued that the acquisition of the…… [Read More].

History of Censorship in US Media. History of Censorship in U. Media Censorship is the official prohibition or restriction of any type of expression that is believed to threaten the political, social, or moral order, and may be imposed by local or national governmental authority, by a religious body, or even by a powerful private group Censorship pp. These bans or restrictions may be applied to the mails, speech, the press, the theater, dance, art, literature, photography, the cinema, radio, television or computer networks Censorship pp.

Censorship may be either preventive or punitive, depending of whether it is exercised before or after the public expression Censorship pp. Censorship has been in use since antiquity and has been especially practiced under autocratic and heavily centralized governments, from the Roman Empire to the totalitarian states of the twentieth century Censorship pp.

Censorship has existed in the Untied States since colonial times, with its emphasis, through time, shifting from…… [Read More]. Jones High School Survey: Underage Drinking at Graduation Underage drinking is a serious issue. Although much lip service is given to the dangers of drinking in general, within the teenage community and sometimes younger , little credence is given to the possible repercussions of drinking in a "party situation.

Given the recent cases of "alcohol poisoning" in which individuals have died from ingesting in effect an "overdose" of alcohol, a survey concerning the levels of knowledge about the effects of alcohol on the human body was conducted. Alcohol poisoning is not only serious, but it can result in death. Within the United States, acute alcohol poisoning generally impacts underage or college age drinkers due to…… [Read More]. Literature of North America. North American Literature of the 20th Century: A Literature of Alienation North American literature of the twentieth century began as a predominantly white male-dominated literature, on the heels of 19th century romantic literary expression, such as within the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, Stephen Crane, and others.

Similarly, in the early decades of the 20th century, American literature was dominated by the likes of William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, Theodore Dreiser, and other white male authors, whose works understandably reflected their own experiences and world views. In the latter half of the 20th century, however, subsequent to World War II, more diverse voices began to appear within North American literature.

By the time authors like Maxine Hong Kingston; Toni Morrison; James Baldwin and others came on the scene, diverse literary viewpoints were beginning to be seen as integral to the American literary cannon. In my…… [Read More]. Censorship in the Public School. Many books at the time were examined to determine whether they had pro-communist content and if so there was a movement to remove those books from the shelves Tenney, At stake here were much more far-reaching intellectual freedom issues than just the proposed suppression of provocative textbooks.

Fueled by citizens' complaints, the Tenney Committee proceeded to introduce several bills "designed to prevent the teaching of controversial subjects And to increase the legislative control over the selection of textbooks and educational policies. For the first time, California's long-standing tradition of an educational system independent of politics was seriously threatened.

Recognizing this, the Southern and Mount Shasta Districts, representing well over half the membership of CLA, quickly passed and sent to the legislature a resolution…… [Read More]. Modernity Might We Not Argue.

Are the benefits of modernity worth the costs we must pay to be modern? In my opinion, the benefits of modernity are worth some of the costs we must pay to be "modern," although not worth all of them.

In today's world, the internet, for instance, arguably makes us better off than before, yet worse off as well. For example, almost everyone nowadays enjoys, at least to an extent, the easily available online conveniences of e-mailing; online shopping or bill-paying, web surfing, etc.

However also as a result of such technological convenience many of us have grown so dependent on computers that if our home, school, or work computers crash, contract a virus, or otherwise cease to function, our productivity immediately ceases. Who has not experienced being unable to acquire a much-needed a bank account of credit card balance; enroll in a course, or check availability of a particular…… [Read More].

Importance of Being an Optimist. Optimist Person You would definitely agree that optimism and positive attitude are the keys to the personal success and personal growth. These ideas of equality, freedom, tolerance, without which there is no true democracy, permeate in all his late works, and are at the head of the corner of novel about the adventures of the little, poor and the defenseless boy Huckleberry.

Mark Twain was born in a family with seven children. His childhood was held in the small town of Hannibal, where his father opened a small law firm. As recalled by the writer, they lived quite modest and sometimes very poor. Things got even worse when his father died of pneumonia, leaving his children nothing but huge debts.

Samuel was actively engaged in self-education, sitting with the books in public libraries in the evenings. His works became popular, the stories were loved by readers and critics, his publications were reprinted throughout the country.

Some people may know that Mark Twain is an artistic nickname, the real name of the author is Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Became famous as a writer, Mark Twain was a man of many talents. He worked as a typesetter, reporter, the pilot on the Mississippi River steamboat. He was searching for silver in Nevada and gold in California.


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Free Essays from Bartleby | Biography of Mark Twain Twain, Mark, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens (), American writer and humorist, whose best. Christened as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Mark Twain was born on November 30, in the small river town of Florida, Missouri, just miles from.