If your argument or analysis requires outside research, make sure you do it before you start organizing. Librarians are trained in helping you identify credible sources for research and can get you started in the right direction. Trying a few brainstorming techniques can generate enough material for you to work with. You just write say, for 15 minutes at a time about anything that comes into your head about your topic.
Try a mind map. Start by writing down your central topic or idea, and then draw a box around it. Write down other ideas and connect them to see how they relate. With cubing, you consider your chosen topic from 6 different perspectives: Go back and change your thesis accordingly. If your original thesis was very broad, you can also use this chance to narrow it down. Focus on more specific terms, which will help you when you start you organize your outline.
Create an outline of the points to include in your essay. Use your thesis statement to determine the trajectory of your outline.
For example, if you will compare and contrast two different topics, outline the similarities and the differences. Determine the order in which you will discuss the points. Or you might choose to build the intensity of your essay by starting with the smallest problem first. Avoid letting your sources drive your organization.
For example, a very common mistake in beginning essays written about literature is to reiterate the plot point-by-point, building your argument along with it. Instead, focus on the most important idea of each paragraph. Even if you have to present your evidence in a different order than it appears in your source, your paragraph will have a better flow. Write topic sentences for each paragraph.
A clear topic sentence will assist with essay organization. Devote each paragraph to discussing only the point of its topic sentence. Discussing tangential information will create a disorganized essay. Avoid statements that may be on the general topic, but not directly relevant to your thesis. For example, compare these two first sentences: The second sentence contextualizes the fact and lets the reader know what the rest of the paragraph will discuss.
Use transitional words and sentences. Create coherence for your essay by using transitional words that connect each paragraph to the one before it. Beginning paragraphs with words such as "likewise" and "in contrast" will allow your reader to follow your train of thought. Transitions can also be used inside paragraphs. They can help connect the ideas within a paragraph smoothly so your reader can follow them.
Try the revision strategies elsewhere in this article to determine whether your paragraphs are in the best order. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin - Madison has a handy list of transitional words and phrases, along with the type of transition they indicate.
Craft an effective conclusion. Include a restatement of your thesis using other words and summarize your essay's main points. To create a captivating conclusion, offer insights about the implications of your argument or findings for further thought or investigation. Your conclusion can show how necessary your essay is to understanding something about the topic that readers would not have been prepared to understand before.
For some types of essays, a call to action or appeal to emotions can be quite helpful in a conclusion. Persuasive essays often use this technique.
This allows your argument to achieve depth and richness. However, it can also mean that your essay ends up feeling disorganized. As you read through your essay, summarize the main idea or ideas of each paragraph in a few key words. You can write these on a separate sheet, on your printed draft, or as a comment in a word processing document.
Look at your key words. Do the ideas progress in a logical fashion? Or does your argument jump around? Try splitting your paragraphs up. Cut your essay up. Try physically putting the paragraphs in a different order. Do things make better sense in a different structure? Ideally, your paragraphs should have only one way they could be organized for maximum effectiveness. If you can put your paragraphs in any order and the essay still kind of makes sense, you may not be building your argument effectively.
You may find after reverse-outlining that some paragraphs would make better sense elsewhere in your essay. Move things around, making changes to topic sentences and transitions where necessary. For example, you might find that placing your least important argument at the beginning drains your essay of vitality.
Experiment with the order of the sentences and paragraphs for heightened effect. Read the essay out loud to catch inconsistencies or choppiness. You may find that your essay abruptly changes direction or some of your paragraphs contain unnecessary sentences or information. Several sentences make up a paragraph, and several paragraphs make up an essay. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. What should I say when I want to say the conclusion is in this paragraph?
You don't have to point out that the conclusion is in a certain paragraph. There are lots of interesting aspects which can be analyzed, but if you need a high mark for this task, you will have to spend a lot of time on this assignment.
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The Organization of an Essay The following explains the traditional way to organize an expository essay that is trying to make a point about some topic and to provide supporting material for that point.
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To improve your ability to understand a difficult book or passage, you might start by finding the organization pattern. This may sound more difficult than it really is. There are a few ways that writers can choose to organize their work, and the organization depends very much on the topic. If you. Essay Organization – Overview. There are various types of writings assignments an instructor may give such as journals, reaction papers, questions to be answered, paragraphs on topics or questions, essays, and research papers. An essay is a writing on a specific question or topic.
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