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What is research methodology and research design?

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❶The data that is obtained from surveys, experiments or secondary sources are in raw form.

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Quantitative and Qualitative Data collection methods

Let us take for example a subject or a topic, namely, 'employment of figures of speech in English literature'. In this topic if we are to conduct research, then the research methods that are involved are study of various works of the different poets and the understanding of the employment of figures of speech in their works.

On the other hand research methodology pertaining to the topic mentioned above involves the study about the tools of research, collation of various manuscripts related to the topic, techniques involved in the critical edition of these manuscripts and the like.

If the subject into which you conduct a research is a scientific subject or topic then the research methods include experiments, tests, study of various other results of different experiments performed earlier in relation to the topic or the subject and the like. On the other hand research methodology pertaining to the scientific topic involves the techniques regarding how to go about conducting the research, the tools of research, advanced techniques that can be used in the conduct of the experiments and the like.

Any student or research candidate is supposed to be good at both research methods and research methodology if he or she is to succeed in his or her attempt at conducting research into a subject. What is research methodology and research design? Research methodology is where you describe the how you're going togather information your planned methods ; this can be survey,interview, literature review etc.

And then you explain each method: Classification of research methodology? Classifying research papers into patent classification systems enables an exhaustive and effective invalidity search, prior art search, and technical trend analysis. However, it is very costly to classify research papers manually. Therefore, we have studied automatic classification of research papers into a patent classification system.

To classify research papers into patent classification systems, the differences in terms used in research papers and patents should be taken into account.

This is because the terms used in patents are often more abstract or creative than those used in research papers in order to widen the scope of the claims. It is also necessary to do exhaustive searches and analyses that focus on classification of research papers written in various languages.

To solve these problems, we propose some classification methods using two machine translation models. When translating English research papers into Japanese, the performance of a translation model for patents is inferior to that for research papers due to the differences in terms used in research papers and patents. However, the model for patents is thought to be useful for our task because translation results by patent translation models tend to contain more patent terms than those for research papers.

From the experimental results, we found that our method using translation models for both research papers and patents was more effective than using a single translation model. What are the different research methods used in sociology? The different research methods you could have would be: What are the different research methodologies? Research Method is the specific technique used to gatcher data; methods are the tools used to collect the data..

Research Methodology is the underlying theory of how research should be conducted.. What are the different Sampling methods used in research? Quota sampling stratified sampling random sampling convenient sampling cluster sampling semi stratified sampling stratified quota. What is the importance of knowledge logic and method on social science research methodology? What is a statement of the problem in research methodology? For research methodology, a problem statement is a clear description of the issue for a particular topic.

It can include a vision and a method used to solve the problem. What are the differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods?

Answering "What are the differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods? Quantitative Research and Qualitative Research. Quantitative research uses deductive process as the study approach, investigates phenomena that lend themselves to precise measurement and quantification, often involving a rigorous and controlled design; it's more on objective and reductionist, most closely allied with the positivist tradition.

Qualitative research , on the other hand, which is most often associated with naturalistic inquiry with inductive study approach, investigates phenomena through the collection of rich narrative materials using a flexible research design, broad, subjective and holistic.

The researchers' expectations in quantitative research are to test and verify hypothesis and theories, and predict physical or human events; role of the person being studied is the subject, its behavior as a means to the end.

While in qualitative data - researchers' expectations are to discover information, to describe human experiences, to develop concepts and theories, and to explain and interpret human behavior or events; person being studied is an active participant and its behavior is both means and end. In addition, Data being collected in qualitative research reflects the perceptions of persons being studied in form of "words" for individual interpretation, and is collected throughout the study through unstructured interviews and observations in settings natural to person being studied with no manipulation of the environment by the researcher.

On the contrary, quantitative data is independent on perceptions of person being studied in form of "numbers" for statistical analysis, and is collected in designated time frame through structured interviews, questionnaires, observations, scales, or physiologic instruments with controlled environment and researchers manipulates the environment to control for variables.

Lastly, quantitative findings are generalized, accept or reject theoretical propositions with numerical accounts of data that are highly reliable. While qualitative findings are unique, dynamic, understands phenomena and new theory with written descriptions of findings that are highly valid. What are the differences between ground based research methods and remote sensing research methods?

In remote sensing, aircraft or satellites provide the platforms for sensing applications. The primary difference is that in the remote sensing methods, a lot more area can be covered in a very short period of time than with ground-based methods. There are details that cannot be resolved by the remote methods that can be determined on the ground, but there are trade offs with the two methods of investigation.

More and more sophisticated way of "looking" at the ground from remote platforms continue to be developed. The location of South American temples hidden in the jungle is just one example of the capability of the remote platform. Distinguish between Research Methods and Research Methodology? Interesting question, as many have the impression that both are same. However, both are two separate concepts with an entirely different meaning.

The primary difference between the two is that Research methods is the method using which you carry on your research with regards to a particular topic whereas Research methodology is a logical explanation of these methods. Research methods may include using experiments, surveys and tests used to conduct research. On the other hand, Research methodology includes critical study of different techniques using which a research can be conducted. In short, research method is about solving a given problem whereas research methodology deals with finding solutions to solve a particular problem.

What is a Quasi Research Design in Research methodology? Quasi-Experimental Designs fair better than pre-experimental studies in that they employ a means to compare groups, but lacks the key ingredient random assignment. What is difference between assignment and research? Let's define both words and from that you will be able to decipher the difference: Research - a careful hunting for facts or truth about a subject; an inquiry Assignment - something that is assigned, especially a piece of work to be done.

What is empirical review in research methodology? In dissertation or thesis work, the empherical literature review is usually the second chapter of both the proposal and the final paper. In this chapter, the author reviews the information and theories currently available concerning the topic and the historical background of the topic. The point is to do two things. Second, it is to show that the problem being studied has not be done before or has not been done before in the way proposed by the candidate.

The literature review may also contain a review of information concerning the chosen conceptual framework, to show it is appropriate, and the methodology, although most of this information is usually saved for the appropriate sections in chapters 1 and 3 of the paper. Scope of managerial research in research methodology? Managerial economics may be viewed as economics applied to problem solving at the levels of the firm. The problem relates to choices and allocation of resources, which are basically economic in nature and are faced by managers all the time.

Managerial research is also known as operations research. It was undertaken for the first time in Second World War in America. It is also interdisciplinary research done by mathematicians, tacticians, Engineers and other Scientists. The operation researchers developed concepts of linear programming, inventory models and game theory.

They attempted to attain optimization. The framework of optimization has been used a great deal in managerial economics. The operation research has influenced managerial economics through its new concepts and models for dealing risk and uncertainly. Managerial economics it primarily an aid to analyse and decision making in the context of the firm. But in the management more than decision making, the implementation, control and conflict resolutions are also covered.

Managerial research is concerned with decision making at the managerial level it considers the alternative theories of firm behaviour, decision making problems and different approaches to arrive at the most appropriate answers to such problems. It draws heavily from Microeconomics, Econometrics and operation research. The decision making area is related to the production decisions, the exchange decisions and consumption decisions. The case study method is useful in managerial research.

It helps us to look for and organised the data and evidence relevant to the problem at hand. A manager does not get all data he needs well organised and presented to him on a platter. The cases may bring out the complexity of the environment in which managers have to take decisions.

Any different between research design and method of research? I personally need a consensus answer to this question. I hope our research experts will help us here.. I feel research method consist of the type of research - qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods as well as the research design and all proceudues used in collecting and analysing data with which to find valid answers to research questions or carry valid test of research hypotheses.

Johnson Nenty, hjnenty yahoo. What is the Meaning of research methodology? How does experimental research differ importantly from correlational research methods? Correlational Research are predictions and are mostly based on statistics. Whereas Experimental Research is based on experiment and explaination.

What is difference between research methods and research tools? Distinguish the difference between research method and research methodology? Method is a particular way of solving a specific problem. Methodology, therefore, means the collection of methods you used in a particular piece of research..

What is comparative research methodology? What is the difference between research design and methodology? The difference between research design and methodology is in theirmeaning. Research design is the model used for the research whilemethodology refers to the specific methods used.

What are the limitation of research methodology? Research methodology has been debated and discussed by historians and scientists alike for hundreds of years.

What they can agree upon is that research is only limited to the extent of what is being researched. What is editing in research methodology? At the stage of Analysis of Data: After data collection, the task of analyzing is to be done.

The analysis requires number of operations such as establishing categories, application of catagories to raw data through coding, tabulation and then drawing stastistical intererences. Editing is the procedure that improves the quality of the data for Coding. Sample of research methodology paper? You can find these papers online to help come up with ideas. Asimple keyword search can help you find the papers that you want.

What is the difference between research questions of qualitative and quantitative methodologies? What is field setting research methodology?

By- Jagadish chandra porichha. This is before looking at the statistics required, and studying the preferred methods for the individual scientific discipline. Every experimental design must make compromises and generalizations , so the researcher must try to minimize these, whilst remaining realistic.

For biology, psychology and social sciences, there can be a huge variety of methods to choose from, and a researcher will have to justify their choice. The first method is the straightforward experiment, involving the standard practice of manipulating quantitative, independent variables to generate statistically analyzable data.

Generally, the system of scientific measurements is interval or ratio based. The researcher is accepting or refuting the null hypothesis. The results generated are analyzable and are used to test hypotheses , with statistics giving a clear and unambiguous picture.

This research method is one of the most difficult, requiring rigorous design and a great deal of expense, especially for larger experiments. The other problem, where real life organisms are used, is that taking something out of its natural environment can seriously affect its behavior.

It is also the biggest drain on time and resources, and is often impossible to perform for some fields, because of ethical considerations. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was a prime example of experimental research that was fixated on results, and failed to take into account moral considerations. In other fields of study, which do not always have the luxury of definable and quantifiable variables - you need to use different research methods.

These should attempt to fit all of the definitions of repeatability or falsifiability , although this is not always feasible. Opinion based research methods generally involve designing an experiment and collecting quantitative data. For this type of research, the measurements are usually arbitrary, following the ordinal or interval type.

Questionnaires are an effective way of quantifying data from a sample group, and testing emotions or preferences. This method is very cheap and easy, where budget is a problem, and gives an element of scale to opinion and emotion. These figures are arbitrary, but at least give a directional method of measuring intensity. By definition, this experiment method must be used where emotions or behaviors are measured, as there is no other way of defining the variables.

Whilst not as robust as experimental research , the methods can be replicated and the results falsified. Observational research is a group of different research methods where researchers try to observe a phenomenon without interfering too much.

Observational research methods, such as the case study , are probably the furthest removed from the established scientific method. Observational research tends to use nominal or ordinal scales of measurement. Observational research often has no clearly defined research problem , and questions may arise during the course of the study.

Observation is heavily used in social sciences, behavioral studies and anthropology, as a way of studying a group without affecting their behavior. Whilst the experiment cannot be replicated or falsified , it still offers unique insights, and will advance human knowledge. Case studies are often used as a pre-cursor to more rigorous methods, and avoid the problem of the experiment environment affecting the behavior of an organism.

Observational research methods are useful when ethics are a problem. In an ideal world, experimental research methods would be used for every type of research, fulfilling all of the requirements of falsifiability and generalization. However, ethics , time and budget are major factors, so any experimental design must make compromises.


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Data analysis methods in the absence of primary data collection can involve discussing common patterns, as well as, controversies within secondary data directly related to the research area.

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A source of confusion for many people is the belief that qualitative research generates just qualitative data (text, words, opinions, etc) and that quantitative research generates just quantitative data (numbers). Sometimes this is the case, but both types of data can be generated by each approach.

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The purpose of this page is to describe important data collection methods used in Research.. Data Collection is an important aspect of any type of research study. Inaccurate data collection can impact the results of a study and ultimately lead to invalid results. Data coding in research methodology is a preliminary step to analysing data. The data that is obtained from surveys, experiments or other sources are in raw form.

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The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically. CHAPTER 4 Research Methodology and Design Introduction data collection methods used in the study was discussed. Finally, in order to ensure trustworthiness of the research, appropriate criteria for qualitative researchwere Research methodology and design. Chapter 4: Research methodology and design research. 4 of.