The purpose of the trials was to uncover the effects of these crops on farmland wildlife. However, this was criticized to be potentially dangerous to nearby crops, as well as honey that could be affected by cross-pollination. Sure enough, later that year pollen from genetically modified oilseed rape, a plant that is used to produce canola oil, was found at beehives almost three miles away.
Two out of nine samples of honey being sold in supermarkets were contaminated in May At this point in time, nine out of ten people were against the idea of genetically modifying foods. Despite the controversy surrounding genetically modified plants and foods in earlier years, technologies have advanced, and in , Soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, and alfalfa were modified to be herbicide and insect resistant, whereas other crops, like sweet potatoes for instance were modified to be able to survive harsh weather conditions.
Genetically modifying foods changes their genetic makeup in some way. The purpose of doing this is to enhance certain aspects of the food, for example, increasing its resistance to herbicides or its nutritional value. Traditionally, this has been done by way of selectively breeding plants or animals for specific genetic traits, however this method has proven to be potentially inaccurate and very time consuming. Genetic modification on the other hand can physically isolate a particular gene and insert it into another substance, enabling it to then posses that quality.
This is done very quickly and accurately. Plants can be made insect resistant, virus resistant, or more tolerant to herbicides. Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacterium that produces a gene for toxin production that is safe for human production. To achieve insect resistance, the gene is injected into the crops that will then be able to produce this toxin on their own, leading to a decreased need for insecticides. To achieve virus resistance, crops must be introduced to the gene from that particular disease-causing virus.
This results in less susceptibility to the disease and higher crop yields. Similarly, to achieve herbicide tolerance, a gene from a bacterium that will transmit resistance to some herbicides must be injected into the crops, in turn reducing the amount of herbicides used. There are many reasons for producing and selling genetically modified foods over those that are traditionally produced.
Originally, the intent was increased protection of crops. Both consumers and producers who feel that genetically modified foods are advantageous believe that these foods can be cheaper, more durable, and more nutritional. Genetically modifying foods is also a way to ensure that with a world population that is predicted to double in the future, a food shortage will not be encountered. In addition to increased protection from diseases, pests and herbicides, there are other key reasons for genetic modification.
Many crops are destroyed due to troubling weather conditions. Frost can come at unexpected times causing destruction to sensitive crops. Cold water fish have an antifreeze gene which, when introduced to plants like tobacco and potatoes, can lead to a higher tolerance to cold temperatures. Similarly, plants can also develop the ability to withstand droughts.
A very important quality of food is the nutritional value that is possesses. Malnutrition is quite prevalent, especially in third world countries where people tend to rely on only one crop to fulfill their dietary needs. If however, these crops could be genetically modified to contain the amount of vitamins and nutrients necessary to sustain a healthy diet, it would be a great advantage.
The hope in this development is that this rice, funded by the non-profit organization Rockefeller Foundation, can be sent to any countries that request it. Vaccinations and medicines can be very difficult to produce, and they can also be very costly. Through genetic modification there is hope that the ability to produce foods with edible vaccinations in them will become a possibility. According to a WebMD article, experts say that about sixty to seventy percent of processed foods sold in the United States contain genetically modified ingredients.
Soybeans, , corn, cotton, and rapeseed oil are the most commonly genetically modified foods. In other words, any foods that contain field corn, high-fructose corn syrup, soybeans, cottonseed oil, or canola oil all contain genetically modified ingredients.
These ingredients are extremely common in most foods, much more so than most people are aware of. Corn is an ingredient in beer, salad dressing, margarine, flour, and anything containing corn syrup. The corn sold in stores is not necessarily intended to be genetically modified, however the concern for cross contamination between crops is there, since corn is wind-pollinated.
Soy is the most heavily modified crop, and more than half the soy in the world was made up of genetically modified strains in There are different reasons for the modification of soy, including an added resistance to insects, and increasing its vitamin or fat and protein content in order to be suitable for animal feed. Also, the EPA evaluates risks to human health, non-target organisms, and the environment by pesticides.
Even worse, it is impossible to abolish GM crops like it is impossible to dispose of nuclear waste from a nuclear generator. Restoration ecology plays an important role in organic farming.
GM crops have a disastrous effect on organic farming, especially in light of the most important parts of organic crops is keeping its cleanness and lacking of pollution. However, seeds of GM plants are carried by wind and contaminate the natural plants. GMO contamination will occur once GM crops are cultivated. Therefore, the co-existence between GMO farming and conventional farming or organic farming is very difficult Keisuke, The result showed that airborne GM pollen can be carried hundreds of kilometers in 24 hours, and the pollen was found 4.
Genetic pollution will destroy organic farming industry which care and love pesticide-free, GMO-free vegetables for citizens. Third, GM crops are being forced on the whole world by biotechnology multi-nationals seeking monopolies for their products. After Green Revolution, agriculture in many countries reorganized their own farming industry to increase productivity and tried to change to be the mechanization of agriculture and depended gradually on the petrochemical industry.
It is a true agricultural output has risen, but agriculture is subjugated to Multi-nationals rule forever. By having a lot of output, consumers and farmers get a profit, but companies such as Monsanto, Novartis and Aventis get a lot of profits.
Their rules of food have been far more serious. In Monsanto case, the company developed herbicide Round up, Roundup Ready Soybeans which only work on Round up and have made unreasonable profits by them. So, when farmers buy their products, they should buy both of them. This way, multi-naturals have encroached on the whole world food markets. When all food in the world becomes GM foods or their products, we could not imagine what will happen to human from a point of view of the food problem.
People who advocate GM crops and some people affirm that it is an obvious fact to be guaranteed to solve the food problem because of improvement productivity. However, the fact is definitely not true. Profit is an important driving force for the developed world, and agricultural exports make up a large portion of exports from the United States Borger, third paragraph.
Since the demand for food is always increasing, the demand to produce more food at a faster rate requires the need for better biotechnology to be put into practice. North Americans are not educated about the risks of GM food, nor are they aware of where to find information regarding how much GM food is in their groceries Borger, 12th paragraph. Human health can be seen as the greatest factor when considering the manufacturing of GM food. This is because of the few diseases and viruses that have been discovered which formed through the use of GM food.
Antibiotics or pesticides have not yet been created to combat the superbug, and this is a concern for humans, as it will infect people, and crops altogether. There is a potential for the biodiversity to decrease because of gene transfers from one species to another, creating more powerful crops, which may take over the natural populations of weeds and grasslands.
An additional way for the biodiversity to decrease is by farmers planting only a single variety of crop, thus wiping out the varied species needed to keep the diversity within crop fields. Europeans are the most aware of GM food, and are taking the necessary precautions and legislative actions to protect themselves against the use of GM food. However, North Americans are the least aware of GM food, and their government has not yet educated their citizens on the risks of GM food.
There are too many risks involved in the use of GM food, and its removal from the agricultural and biotechnological industries will benefit human health, the environment, and global economy. Order a custom written paper of high quality Professional Writers only. Free Quote or Order now.
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Soybeans,, corn, cotton, and rapeseed oil are the most commonly genetically modified foods. In other words, any foods that contain field corn, high-fructose corn syrup, soybeans, cottonseed oil, or canola oil all contain genetically modified ingredients.
They are all some of the most commonly genetically modified foods sold on the market today. By using the genetic information from one organism, and inserting or modifying it into another organism, scientists can make food crops stay fresher, grow bigger, and have the crops create their own pesticides.
Sample essay on genetically modified foods. GM food essay example. Genetically modified food essay topic. Introduction. Genetically modified foods have become a major concern and have caused controversy regarding both their health and environmental effects (2).
Genetically modified foods have recently been in the new headlines for both their positive attributes and the negatives of genetic modification, this essay will look at the effects Genetically Modified foods have on the economy, environment and you. As you consider writing a persuasive essay discussing the pros or cons of genetically modified food, think first of all of the stand you want to take.