Thus, if we accept the following statements as true:. All whales are mammals; 2. All mammals are warm-blooded animals; 3. All warm-blooded animals are subject to colds;. All whales are subject to colds. Do you see that statements 1, 2, and 3 are arranged in logical order?
If you have read Alice's Adventures in Wonderland or Through the Looking-Glass , you know that their author, Lewis Carroll, delighted in giving sets of nonsense statements which lead to logical conclusions. One such set is the following:. Babies are illogical; 2. Illogical persons are despised; 3.
Nobody is despised who can manage a crocodile. Other sets of statements written by this author follow. To draw a conclusion from each set of statements, first arrange the statements in logical order. A diagram such as those in the preceding column may help you. The correct conclusions are given at the bottom of the page, but do not look at them until you have written your conclusion.
Everyone who is sane can do Logic; 2. No lunatics are fit to serve on a jury; 3. None of your sons can do Logic. No kitten that loves fish is unteachable; 2. No kitten without a tail will play with a gorilla; 3. Kittens with whiskers always love fish; 4. No teachable kitten has green eyes; 5.
No kittens have tails unless they have whiskers. There is no box of mine here that I dare open; 2. My writing-desk is a box made of rose-wood; 3. All my boxes are painted except what are here; 4. There is no box of mine that I dare not open, unless it is full of live scorpions; 5. All my rose-wood boxes are unpainted. None of your sons are fit to serve on the jury. My poultry are not officers.
No kitten with green eyes will play with a gorilla. My writing-desk is full of live scorpions. With this brief introduction to Lewis Carroll type problems, you will find it worthwhile and interesting to construct your own problems of this type. A fallacy is an error of reasoning. It can be used against you in an argument, but if you are familiar with them, you will be able to refute the fallacious argument.
Likewise, if you are clever, you can use them to convince others. Here are examples of each of the major fallacies. You figure out and write in a definition which makes sense to you. Listen to your roommate, the T. You'll be amazed how many fallacies we encounter each day.
More important, check your papers. Does your argument have premisses and conclusions stated properly? This is both the topic and the driving force of the essay. Always define your terms and include a sensory picture i. Be highly descriptive in this step, because it is at this early stage of the essay that concrete language is most crucial.
Example of this step: The Batman is a superhero, in a Nietzschean sense, at least, even though he has no mutant powers. For instance, Catwoman is a thief, and the Penguin is a terrorist, and accordingly the Batman thwarts their plans: But now the Joker shows up and suddenly the Batman, himself a crime-fighter, begins to operate outside the law—e. This is a real problem, and naturally leads to a question, the answer to which is likely to be illuminating, so the essay has a feeling of purpose.
Does being a superhero make the Batman above the law? Propose a solution, or a clear path to a solution. Trying to frame an idea in a single sentence, while useful for clarity of conception, often ends up being more restricting than fruitful. It seems to be especially in response to the Joker that the Batman must take such extraordinary measures, some of which break the law. In a different essay, laying out my thesis here might very well work fine.
It depends on the essay. This is usually the main body of the paper. Generally, detailed analyses of three to five very specific, organically related items will do the trick.
You should briefly outline each of these items separately on the worksheet under a , b , c , d , e. He appears to be interested in chaos; in fact every one of his criminal acts appears to function not for personal gain but in order to construct an evil fun house. The job of law enforcement is to stop the Joker.
He is too big a problem for them to handle. Though he breaks specific laws by specific actions, those actions serve the same greater good which the laws are enacted to serve. It can also help the writer create a paragraph with a clear purpose that is easy for readers to follow. One example of logical order is to arrange the sentence in chronological order to show a sequence of events or the passing of time.
Another is to arrange sentences in order of importance. This can be done by either moving from the most important point to the least important point or going the opposite way, from the least important to the most important. Another common organization is to move from a general point, getting more specific as the paragraph moves along or to move from specific to general. No matter what order is chosen, maintaining the pattern is important to keep the paragraph clear.
Logical order can also apply to flow of paragraphs within an entire document.
One example of logical order is to arrange the sentence in chronological order to show a sequence of events or the passing of time. Another is to arrange sentences in .
Choosing a Logical Order for Ideas - Once you have your thesis and your groups of supporting information with topic sentence ideas, you can determine the best possible order in which to present them in the essay.
This tool is nothing more than an essay template; not a five-paragraph “Baker’s” essay, but a college/grad-school short essay structure based on fundamental principles of logic. I teach this method sparingly because, followed slavishly, it can hinder the highly individual, impressionable and corruptible process of the inner germination of unique ideas. Feb 04, · Free Essays on Logical Order Essay. Search. In order for your essay to be convincing and make sense, it needs to be presented inside a well structured piece of writing. How do you do this within the framework of an essay's general structure ofIntroduction, Body, Conclusion? Firstly, you need to be clear about what.
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