APA style citation is the brainchild of the American Psychological Association and, as such, it is most commonly used in writing for the behavioral sciences niche. APA format in-text citation is only one of several citation formats. Other examples include MLA format, and Chicago.
As anyone who has ever had the task for writing a research paper will agree, it is in good practice to properly cite your sources whenever you plan to use some work authored by someone else, either directly or indirectly. In fact, forging proper article citation is viewed as plagiarism — whether you meant to do it or not. The punishment for plagiarism can be as drastic as immediate expulsion from school. In the proceeding paragraphs, you will find the information necessary to assist in authoring and citing your paper in accordance to the APA American Psychological Association guidelines.
You will also find the information needed to better understand APA format in-text citation and the corresponding reference — or Works Cited — list. The proceeding section will focus on the proper way to format and organize a research paper, including corresponding APA citation methods. Following this approach will keep your paper short and on track. Headings are very important part of any paper.
They serve the purpose of keeping the paper organized and also making it easy for readers to quickly navigate to relevant sections of the paper.
Additionally, headings present anyone reading the paper with the ability to quickly view the main point, primary content or any other piece of information they may want to read about. Authoring a paper intended for review in scientific circles is much more specialized than writing a typical English paper is. These types of papers must be direct, concise, and well researched.
Below you will find a number of APA and article citation related tips and techniques that you should consider when drafting your paper. Research observations and other experimental pursuits often depend on the formulation and analysis of specific data in order to test hypothesis and to come to conclusions. When sharing your methods and results, you will need to be mindful of the verbs you choose to use in your writing and make certain that you are using them in the same tense throughout the duration of the paper.
The solution was tested in order to identify all possible chemical reactions would make little sense if the sentence Field researchers often examine solutions by viewing them under a microscope.
This is because the first part of the sentence is written in past tense and the second part is written in present tense. Tone is equally as important as speaking in the proper tense. It is suggested to consider who your audience might be and tailor your writing in a fashion that both speaks to and educates them. APA formats seriously object to the inclusion of any sort of gender, racial, age, and disability or sexual orientation biases. When using a website or e-book lacking page numbers, cite the paragraph numbers.
The following is an APA citation example passage, including both in-text citations and the references page:. In order to reach these findings, Williams et al. Journal of Behavioral Sciences , 20 3 , Sources containing two authors: If you are citing the authors within the text of your work, write the last names of the authors followed by the year. However, if the citation is in parenthesis, use an ampersand. Sources containing three to five authors: Sources containing six or more authors: When the author is not known: If no authors are identified in the work, cite the source based on its title when used in the narrative or use a couple of words when cited in parenthesis.
Titles for books and reports should be italicized or underlined whereas titles for articles, chapters and web pages should be placed in quotation marks. When the author is listed as anonymous: In the reference list, treat Anonymous as the author. When the work is written by an organization: If the work is authored by an organization, make reference to the organization as part of the narrative or in parentheses during the initial citation.
Note that if the organization is commonly known, you should include its abbreviation in the initial citation and then just use the abbreviation during subsequent citations. When citing multiple sources in the same parentheses: When including two or more works within one parenthetical citation, they should be alphabetized, as they would be on the reference list. Also insert the semi-colon that separates the authors. When citing authors with identical last names: To avoid confusion, include the first initials with the last names.
When citing multiple sources by the same author in the same year: If you are using several works of the same author in the same year, include lower-case letters a, b, c following the year. Introductions, Prefaces, Forewords, and Afterwords:
Research and Citation; APA Style; APA Formatting and Style Guide; Welcome to the Purdue OWL. This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. APA Sample Paper. Media File: APA Sample Paper. This resource is enhanced by an Acrobat PDF file.
APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For details on how to cite technical and research reports look under section in the APA Publication Manual, starting on page Basic reference list format for a print report. Author Last Name, First Initial.
Dec 20, · How to Cite a Research Paper in APA. Citing a research paper as a source for an essay can be tricky, as you may not be sure what information you have to include to do it properly. If you are using APA format for your essay, you will need %(1). APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered.