Also provide evidence supporting your competence or expertise in the field. Write a Literature Review section to contextualize your research. Sum up existing research in a story-like manner that draws readers in while exposing the hole that your research will attempt to fill.
Describe the proposed research. This section is the heart of the proposal and should include all information about your proposed methodology or approach. This section can also be titled "Methodology. Address the explanation to experts in the field rather than laymen. The set up and information in this section will depend on whether your research is qualitative and quantitative. Be realistic about what you hope to accomplish, clear about your focus, and explicit about everything the research relies on.
The description should also include a detailed schedule of the proposed work and thorough about all groundwork and materials needed. Also include information about sample size and target populations, if applicable.
Describe relevant institutional resources. If you are planning this research with institutional background, include a "Description of Relevant Institutional Resources" section to describe what your institution can offer. Identify information like the institution's past competence or contributions within the field of research, the university's supportive services, or the institution's research facilities. Include a separate "References" page detailing all the references you have used thus far in identifying the problem and forming a research hypothesis.
This section should contain biographical information about the main contributors to the research. Note that this section is not always included, especially for shorter proposals. State the expertise and responsibilities of each contributor. Include appendices, if necessary. Appendices are common to most types of research proposal. They include any supporting documents that are necessary for readers to understand the proposal.
Indicate the anticipated costs you need the funding source to meet and specify items being paid for by other funding sources. Each cost should include justifying information. Part 1 Quiz True or False: Take several months to prepare your research proposal. A good research proposal can take up to six months to complete.
Do not wait until several days before the due date to begin. Prewrite during Phase Ia. This stage should be performed with 14 to 26 weeks remaining until the deadline. At 26 weeks, review administrative requirements for the foundations and organizations you plan to submit your proposal to. Double-check due dates and submission requirements. At 23 to 25 weeks, create a one to two page preliminary statement defining your proposed research.
If working with an adviser or colleagues, present this short version of your proposal at 23 weeks. Use any feedback you receive to further focus your research in week Research the context, history, and background of your research problem at 21 weeks.
At 19 weeks, write a two to three page document exploring questions and possible methodological approaches. Contact experts in the field at 17 weeks to learn about the feasibility and relevance of each potential methodological approach. Continue your research during week 16 and refine your research question by week Perform early administrative tasks in Phase Ib. This portion of your preparation should be completed 13 to 20 weeks before the deadline. At 20 weeks, identify and contact any relevant sources of information, including experts, archives, and organizations.
Begin researching your budget needs by 18 weeks and your protocol process by 14 weeks. Request any necessary transcripts by 13 weeks. Focus your writing and administration in Phase II. This portion should be completed between the 8 and 13 week marks prior to your deadline. Create a single 5-page document containing your research question, framework, and proposed research design by week Gather any additional data needed to complete a draft during week Reconnect with collaborators and organizations.
Determine which will be most helpful. Add the remaining details needed to complete your draft. Use the above guidelines or guidelines provided by the provider of the grant provider. Complete this between weeks 10 and Ask your colleagues or adviser for more feedback by the 9 week mark.
Revise your draft at 8 weeks. Create a tentative budget and ask advisers for letters of recommendation. Edit and submit your proposal during Phase II. Begin this phase 5 weeks before the deadline and finish several days in advance. At 5 weeks, review specific requirements addressed by the application and revise your proposal to meet this requirements and incorporate adviser suggestions.
Give yourself a break during week 4 to let things settle. Remind your adviser and other faculty about your letters of recommendation during week 3. At 2 weeks, assemble your materials, review your proposal, and finalize your proposal. Writing a research proposal is rightfully considered as one of the most complex tasks and requires mastery of multiple skills. It is a paper, which aims to deliver a brief information on the research you want to conduct, explaining the main reasons why it will be useful for the reader and for the society.
A correct research proposal should contain:. You should give an overview of your studies and interest others to go on reading. A research paper is usually the first step for students to get funding for their project, so it is crucial to create a thoughtful and deep paper. You should pay attention to the common mistakes and use a research proposal template if needed in order to avoid them.
First, you need to be precise and perform a clear vision of what you are going to describe provide a clear idea, time, place and so on. You should always stay focused on the problem, avoiding too many details on minor issues. Finally, you should pay careful attention to citing other works in your study to show that you have conducted a thoughtful research and know the subject perfectly.
Talk about it with anyone who is interested. Then just write the important parts as the proposal. Filling in the things that we do not know and that will help us know more: Proposals help you estimate the size of a project. Don't make the project too big. Our MA program statement used to say that a thesis is equivalent to a published paper in scope. These days, sixty double spaced pages, with figures, tables and bibliography, would be a long paper.
Your proposal will be shorter, perhaps five pages and certainly no more than fifteen pages. For perspective, the NSF limits the length of proposal narratives to 15 pages, even when the request might be for multiple hundreds of thousands of dollars.
The merit of the proposal counts, not the weight. Shoot for five pithy pages that indicate to a relatively well-informed audience that you know the topic and how its logic hangs together, rather than fifteen or twenty pages that indicate that you have read a lot of things but not yet boiled it down to a set of prioritized linked questions. Different Theses, Similar Proposals This guide includes an outline that looks like a "fill-in the blanks model" and, while in the abstract all proposals are similar, each proposal will have its own particular variation on the basic theme.
Each research project is different and each needs a specifically tailored proposal to bring it into focus. Different advisors, committees and agencies have different expectations and you should find out what these are as early as possible; ask your advisor for advice on this.
Further, different types of thesis require slightly different proposals. What style of work is published in your sub-discipline? Characterizing theses is difficult.
Some theses are "straight science". Some are essentially opinion pieces. Some are policy oriented. In the end, they may well all be interpretations of observations, and differentiated by the rules that constrain the interpretation. Different advisors will have different preferences about the rules, the meta-discourse, in which we all work.
In the abstract all proposals are very similar. They need to show a reasonably informed reader why a particular topic is important to address and how you will do it. To that end, a proposal needs to show how your work fits into what is already known about the topic and what new contribution your work will make.
Specify the question that your research will answer, establish why it is a significant question, show how you are going to answer the question, and indicate what you expect we will learn. The proposal should situate the work in the literature, it should show why this is an if not the most important question to answer in the field, and convince your committee the skeptical readers that they are that your approach will in fact result in an answer to the question.
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
Guidelines on writing a research proposal by Matthew McGranaghan This is a work in progress, intended to organize my thoughts on the process of formulating a proposal.
Writing assignment series How to write a research proposal* These recommendations do not guarantee a successful research application! They are intended to help you conceptualize and prepare a research proposal. Writing a research proposal is rightfully considered as one of the most complex tasks and requires mastery of multiple skills. It is a paper, which aims to deliver a brief information on the research you want to conduct, explaining the main reasons why it will be useful for the reader and for the society.
Writing a research proposal Introduction This tutorial is designed for graduate students who are required to submit a research proposal as a condition of their candidature or . WRITING AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL Marja J. Verhoef, PhD Robert J. Hilsden, MD MSc FRCPC Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences.